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We analyzed the psychological process by which physicians solve complicated diagnostic problems, such as those posed in clinicopathological exercises. The challenge of differential diagnosis is to select the most probable cause of a patient's condition, yet the size of the problem, the nature of medical information, and the notorious inability of human(More)
In decerebrate cats, electrical stimulation of nucleus raphe magnus (NRM) of the medulla produced marked inhibition of spinal neurons in lumbosacral dorsal horn. Only neurons with high threshold inputs were inhibited. These cells were located in lamina I and in or near laminae V and VI. The duration of inhibition produced was related to the stimulus train(More)
This study examined the hypothesis that descending inhibitory pathways from brain stem to spinal cord mediate the analgesic effect of both electrical brain stimulation and morphine. In the first set of experiments, the effect of subtotal midthoracic spinal cord lesions on the analgesic effect of electrical stimulation in the periaqueductal gray matter of(More)
Neurons in ventromedial medulla, including the nucleus raphe magnus, project to trigeminal nucleus caudalis and, via the dorsolateral funiculus, to spinal dorsal horn. The terminals of this descending system are in loci containing cells responsive to noxious stimuli. Electrical stimulation of nucleus raphe magnus selectively inhibits spinal dorsal horn(More)
(1) Spinal cord neurons projecting to the brain stem were studied in cats prepared by decerebration or anesthetized with barbiturate or nitrous oxide and halothane. Antidromic stimulation from the medial pontomedullary reticular formation (MDRF) and midbrain (MB) was used to identify the site of projection. (2) Receptive fields were mapped using adequate(More)
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