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Unsaturated fatty acid auxotrophs of Eschericha coli have been divided into two distinct cistrons by extract complementation and genetic complementation based on abortive transduction. Lesions in one cistron result in the loss of the beta-hydroxydecanoyl thioester dehydrase which produces the first biosynthetic intermediate in unsaturated fatty acid(More)
Encephalomyocarditis viral RNA has previously been shown to outcompete host cellular mRNA has for translation in vitro in crude and fractionated protein synthesizing systems. In the present communication it is shown that the competition is regulated by an initiation factor or complex of factors, and not the 40S initiation complex per se. The factor(More)
/3-Hydroxyacyl acyl carrier protein (ACP) dehydrase has been purified 2900-fold from extracts of Escherichia coli. The enzyme catalyzes the reversible dehydration of /3-hydroxyacyl-ACP thioesters to yield specifically tram-2-enoylACP products. It is active with frans-2-enoyl-ACP thioesters of chain lengths from 4 through 16 carbon atoms. The enzyme(More)
Heat-shock proteins (hsp) were elicited when mycelia of the Downs strain and the more virulent G184A and G222B strains of Histoplasma capsulatum were shifted up to temperatures which induced the mycelial-to-yeast transition (34-40 degrees C). The classes of the major hsp which increased in synthesis in each strain were similar. However, the pattern of(More)
Inhibitors of elongation steps in protein synthesis such as cycloheximide and anisomycin mimic interferon treatment in that they specifically inhibit the synthesis of certain viral proteins. These specific effects are seen only at very low concentrations of the antibiotics, under conditions where host cellular protein synthesis, as well as cell viability,(More)