C H Bielajew

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The utility of metabolic markers that index functional neuronal circuits is widely appreciated. The present study asks whether patterns of the metabolic enzyme, active glycogen phosphorylase, parallel those of the neuronal marker, cytochrome oxidase. Fresh frozen rat brain sections (30 microns) were processed for either active glycogen phosphorylase or(More)
Cytochrome oxidase histochemistry was used to evaluate neuronal changes in oxidative metabolism in response to rewarding brain stimulation of the medial forebrain bundle. Rats with single lateral hypothalamic electrodes self-stimulated daily for ten days for trains of either 0.1 or 2.0 ms pulses that corresponded to about 75% of maximum responding.(More)
Glycogen phosphorylase is the enzyme that regulates glycogenolysis and it appears that there is a relationship between central levels of glycogen and neuronal activity, which is influenced by a variety of neurotransmitters. In the present study, glycogen phosphorylase histochemistry was used to correlate changes in metabolic activity in response to(More)
Studies of the effect of diazepam and related compounds on the rewarding properties of brain stimulation as measured by response rates have not yielded clear results, with self-stimulation performance reported to be potentiated, diminished, or unchanged following drug administration. In this study, the effect of two doses of diazepam (2.5 and 5.0 mg/kg) and(More)
The post-stimulation excitability of neurons mediating electrical self-stimulation of the anterior basal forebrain was evaluated psychophysically in the rat. Rats with electrodes in the nucleus accumbens, caudate nucleus, lateral preoptic area, diagonal band, or anterior medial forebrain bundle pressed a lever to earn 0.5-s trains of conditioning (C) and(More)
The post-stimulation excitability of the substrate for brain stimulation reward in the mediodorsal thalamus was assessed using equal- and unequal-pulse procedures. In 3 rats, refractory periods were found to begin no earlier than 1 ms and to end as late as 10 ms. Using test (T) pulses 1.5 times the amplitude of condition (C) pulses, the contribution of(More)
Thresholds determined from the frequency of pulses and the current for rewarding brain stimulation were obtained from rats with lateral hypothalamic electrodes. The threshold, defined as the frequency or current corresponding to one-half the maximum response rate, was interpolated from reward summation functions. Daily trials of both ascending and(More)
The post-stimulation excitability characteristics of neurons mediating the rewarding effects of electrical stimulation of the medial forebrain bundle were behaviorally assessed at 5 different pulse durations. Recovery from refractoriness was inferred from the results of double-pulse tests in which the interval between conditioning (C) and test (T) pulses of(More)
The effect of increasing task difficulty on the threshold of rewarding, electrical brain stimulation was evaluated. Rats were trained to press a lever to obtain a brief burst of pulses to the lateral hypothalamus. The threshold was psychophysically scaled using a descending method of limits in which the pulse frequency was varied to yield a maximum to(More)
Brain stimulation reward in certain regions has been shown to produce analgesia to externally applied painful stimuli. In the present experiments, we studied how electrical self-stimulation of the dorsal raphe (DR) nucleus modifies the aversive effects of electrical stimulation of the nucleus reticularis gigantocellularis (Gi) or of the dorsal tegmentum(More)