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Four shoulder muscles (the supraspinatus, the infraspinatus, the anterior and middle portion of the deltoid, and the descending part of the trapezius) were examined with electromyography in abducted arm positions. By using feedback techniques, we found that the subjects could reduce the EMG activity voluntarily by 22-47% in the trapezius muscle while(More)
A method to investigate the rhythm of the human shoulder, i.e. the interplay between the motion of constituent parts of the shoulder, has been devised and tested. The method is based upon numerical evaluation of low dose roentgenstereophotogrammetric motion pictures of subjects equipped with radiation dense implantations in the bones. Evaluation of the(More)
Strength profiles of the shoulder joint are measured experimentally for two arm positions in "the scapular plane" in order to present quantitative data on the shoulder strength. Apart from yielding the actual force a subject can exert in various directions, these measurements also exhibit e.g. the strongest and weakest directions, in fact the relative(More)
In ergonomic and biomechanic research, estimations of shoulder muscle load and evaluation of different measuring techniques are important. Intramuscular pressure (IMP), using the microcapillary infusion technique and bipolar intramuscular electromyography (EMG), was recorded from the same part of the supraspinatus muscle. In 12 subjects, IMP and EMG were(More)
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