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The peripheral-type benzodiazepine binding site, erstwhile characterized in the rodent and feline brain, has now been characterized in post-mortem human brain using [3H]PK 11195. The kinetics and pharmacological properties of the binding of this ligand are similar to peripheral-type benzodiazepine binding sites elsewhere. The potency of RO5-4864 for this(More)
PK 11195 [1-(2-chlorophenyl)-N-methyl-N-(1-methylpropyl)-3-isoquinolinecarboxamide] is a new ligand for the "peripheral-type" benzodiazepine binding sites, chemically unrelated to benzodiazepines. It displaces with a very high potency (IC50 congruent to 10(-9) M) [3H]-RO5-4864 (a benzodiazepine which specifically labels the peripheral-type sites) from its(More)
Two compounds with high affinity for the "peripheral type" benzodiazepine binding sites, PK 11195 (an isoquinoline derivative) and RO5-4864 (a benzodiazepine derivative) can modify the sensitivity of DBA/2J mice to audiogenic seizures. RO5-4864 (1-15 mg/kg) facilitates in a dose-dependent manner the audiogenic seizures and PK 11195 (2-5 mg/kg) antagonizes(More)
[3H] RO5-4864 binding sites have been characterized in kidney, heart, brain, adrenals and platelets in the rat. In all these organs the following order of potency in the RO5-4864 displacement was found: RO5-4864 greater than diazepam greater than clonazepam indicating that they correspond to the "peripheral type" of benzodiazepine binding sites. PK 11195,(More)
Peripheral-type benzodiazepine binding sites have been characterized on sections of 8 normal human iris/ciliary-body preparations. Saturability was determined at 25 degrees C with [3H] PK 11195 (1 nM) a specific ligand of peripheral type sites. The studies revealed a single class of binding sites for PK 11195 with a nanomolar range affinity (KD = 1.45 nM)(More)
Electrophysiological and pharmacological studies have shown that peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptors modulate voltage-sensitive calcium channels in the heart. We have compared these binding sites with binding sites for [3H]dihydropyridines, which are believed to label such channels. Although no direct or allosteric interaction could be demonstrated(More)
2-Amino-6-trifluoromethoxy benzothiazole (PK 26124) prevented convulsions induced in rodents by maximal electroshock, inhibitors of the synthesis of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and ouabain, but was inactive against seizures provoked by GABA antagonists, unlike diazepam, chlordiazepoxide, phenobarbital and valproic acid. 2-Amino-6-trifluoromethoxy(More)
Two models have been chosen to study the effect of 2-amino-6-trifluoromethoxy benzothiazole (PK 26124) on excitatory amino acid neurotransmission: the pool of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) in the cerebellum and the release of acetylcholine in the striatum and olfactory tubercles. The release of acetylcholine induced by N-methyl-DL-aspartate in the(More)
The atypical profile of 2-phenyl-4[2-(4-piperidinyl) ethyl]quinoline (PK 8165), a quinoline derivative with pure anticonflict properties, seems to be due to the fact that this compound is a partial agonist of benzodiazepine receptors. The drug PK 8165 is a competitive inhibitor of benzodiazepine binding sites with a Hill coefficient near unity. Opposite to(More)
1. RP 62203 (2-[3-(4-(4-fluorophenyl)-piperazinyl)propyl]naphto[1,8- ca]isothiazole-1,1-dioxide) is a novel naphtosultam derivative which shows very high affinity for 5-HT2 receptors in the rat cerebral cortex (Ki = 50.0 pM). 2. RP 62203 is relatively selective for this sub-type of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptor, having lower affinity for the 5-HT1A(More)