C. Greenough

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A literature review of the nine most widely used, condition-specific, self-administered assessment questionnaires for low back pain has been undertaken. General and historic aspects, reliability, responsiveness and minimum clinically important difference, external validity, floor and ceiling effects and available languages were analysed for the nine(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic pain, particularly low back pain, is widespread. Although a great deal is known about the impact that this has on quality of life and physical activity, relatively little has been established regarding the more cognitive effects of pain. This study aims to find out whether individuals with chronic pain experience memory deficits in(More)
STUDY DESIGN An investigation of the reliability of various factors used to analyze electromyograms of paraspinal muscles of the lumbar spine. OBJECTIVES To determine the reproducibility of several electromyographic variables over time and to assess the influence of confounding factors. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Previous reliability studies have(More)
The authors studied the surface electromyographic (EMG) spectrum of the paraspinal muscles of 350 subjects. They were classified by their history as normal (n=175), chronic low back pain (n=145), or past history (n=30). They pulled upwards on a floor-mounted load cell at two-thirds of their maximum voluntary contraction for 30 s, while the EMG was measured(More)
Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a neurological syndrome presenting with non-specific symptoms and signs that often leads to diagnostic confusion and delay. Acute onset CES is a surgical emergency. The common aetiology is a prolapsed lumbar disc. If the diagnosis is missed, it can have devastating consequences for the patient and a high financial cost to(More)
Studies of EMG power spectra have established associations between low-back pain (LBP) and median frequency (MF). This 2-year prospective study investigates the association of LBP with EMG variables over time. 120 health care workers underwent paraspinal EMG measurements and assessment of back pain disability. The EMG recordings were performed under(More)
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