C. Grünewald

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A series of novel C-5 benzimidazolyl-2'-deoxyuridines was synthesized in good yields under solvent-free conditions and microwave irradiation from 5-formyl-2'-deoxyuridine and arylenediamine derivatives in the presence of NaHSO(3) as catalyst. Their absorption and fluorescence spectra were measured. They showed intense fluorescence around 400-500nm with(More)
Synthesis and spectral properties of 1-ethynylpyrene base modified RNA are reported. The fluorophore attached to the 2-position of adenosine is directed into the easily accessible minor groove in RNA. Through an intermolecular interaction of the pyrene residues in twofold labelled RNA, single and double strands can be distinguished by their fluorescence(More)
The fluorophores 1-ethynylpyrene and 1-(p-ethynyl-phenylethynyl)-pyrene were attached to RNA through a Sonogashira cross-coupling with 5-iodocytidine either in solution through phosphoamidite synthesis or via on-column conjugation during solid-phase oligonucleotide synthesis. Six probes with the sequence 5'-CUU UUC UUU CUU-3' were derivatized with both(More)
Bacterial biofilms attached on surfaces of implants cause nosocomial infections. The polysaccharide poly-β(1-6)-N-acetylglucosamine (PNAG) forms the backbone of Staphylococcus biofilms. A target for drugs to treat these infections is the inhibition of biofilm synthesis and stabilization of PNAG. A promising source of inhibitors are macroalgae, because they(More)
The pyrene-based RNA-fluorescence label 2-(2-pyrenylethynyl) adenosine (2PyA) shows triexponential fluorescence, which depends strongly on the excitation wavelength. Most strikingly, a structured, long-lived fluorescence is observed in solution at room temperature after excitation into the S2 state, which is shifted hypsochromically by 30 nm compared to(More)
A series of short RNA duplexes containing one or two 1-ethynylpyrene-modified adenine bases was synthesised. The melting behaviour of these duplexes was examined by monitoring temperature-dependent pyrene fluorescence. In the singly modified RNA duplexes, the bases flanking the ethynylpyrene-rA were varied to examine the sequence specificity of the(More)
The photophysics of pyrene attached to an adenine base within RNA single strands and duplexes is examined with respect to the position of the pyrene within the strand and the number of pyrenes attached to one duplex. Compounds with pyrenes intercalating sequence specifically are examined, as well as a doubly modified compound, where the two pyrenes are(More)
This article presents a comprehensive study of the photophysics of 2-(2-pyrenylethynyl) adenosine and 2-(4-pyrenylethynyl) adenosine, which are structural isomers of the well-established fluorescent RNA label 2-(1-pyrenylethynyl) adenosine. We performed steady-state and ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy studies along with time-resolved(More)
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