C. Giovanni Galizia

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We present a digital atlas of the glomeruli in the antennal lobe of the honeybee, Apis mellifera, accessible to the scientific community via the Internet. The atlas allows the identification of glomeruli in preparations in which the glomeruli can be recognized, be it in sections or in whole-mounts. The high resolution of the anatomical data upon which the(More)
The primary olfactory brain center, the antennal lobe (AL) in insects or the olfactory bulb in vertebrates, is a notable example of a neural network for sensory processing. While physiological properties of the input, the olfactory receptor neurons, have become clearer, the operation of the network itself remains cryptic. Therefore we measured(More)
To understand how odor information is represented and processed in the antennal lobe (AL) of Drosophila melanogaster, we have optically recorded glomerular calcium responses to single odors and odor mixtures from olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) and projection neurons (PNs). Odor mixtures offer a good tool to analyze odor processing because experimental(More)
We investigated strategies involved in odour intensity coding by the primary olfactory centre of insects, the antennal lobe (AL), the structural and functional analogue of the olfactory bulb. Using calcium imaging in the honeybee, we simultaneously measured the projection neuron output responses and a compound signal dominated by receptor neuron input in(More)
The antennal lobe plays a central role for odor processing in insects, as demonstrated by electrophysiological and imaging experiments. Here we analyze the detailed temporal evolution of glomerular activity patterns in the antennal lobe of honeybees. We represent these spatiotemporal patterns as trajectories in a multidimensional space, where each dimension(More)
We explored the transformations accompanying the transmission of odor information from the first-order processing area, the antennal lobe, to the mushroom body, a higher-order integration center in the insect brain. Using Ca2+ imaging, we recorded activity in the dendrites of the projection neurons that connect the antennal lobe with the mushroom body.(More)
Odours are received by olfactory receptors, which send their axons to the first sensory neuropils, the antennal lobes (in insects) or the olfactory bulb (in vertebrates). From here, processed olfactory information is relayed to higher-order brain centres. A striking similarity in olfactory systems across animal phyla is the presence of glomeruli in this(More)
Olfactory responses require the representation of high-dimensional olfactory stimuli within the constraints of two-dimensional neural networks. We used a computational model of the honeybee antennal lobe to test how inhibitory interactions in the antennal lobe should be organized to best reproduce the experimentally measured input-output function in this(More)
When an animal smells an odor, olfactory sensory neurons generate an activity pattern across olfactory glomeruli of the first sensory neuropil, the insect antennal lobe or the vertebrate olfactory bulb. Here, several networks of local neurons interact with sensory neurons and with output neurons--insect projection neurons, or vertebrate mitral/tufted cells.(More)
Sensory memory is a short-lived persistence of a sensory stimulus in the nervous system, such as iconic memory in the visual system. However, little is known about the mechanisms underlying olfactory sensory memory. We have therefore analyzed the effect of odor stimuli on the first odor-processing network in the honeybee brain, the antennal lobe, which(More)