C Giacchetto

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The diagnosis of varicocele in a female patient is difficult clinically. Until recently, only celioscopy and uterine phlebography were helpful. We have developed a new method for diagnosis of the pelvic varicocele using retrograde phlebography of the ovarian and iliac veins. Thirty-three women with pelvic pains and disorders of the menstrual cycle have been(More)
The aim of this work is to suggest a new diagnostic approach to the "female varicocele syndrome" which utilizes transvaginal ultrasonography. The presence of circular or linear anechogenic structures with a diameter greater than 5 mm, which were found in transverse and oblique sections of the lateral fornices, was indicative of pelvic varices. The vascular(More)
In the present study we investigated the effects of castration on androstenedione (A), testosterone (T) and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) plasma levels in adult male rats 5 and 47 days after castration. In another group of 60-day-old castrated rats, the three steroids have been evaluated during testosterone propionate administration. Our data show that 5 days(More)
Testosterone (T) and Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) were measured in seminal plasma levels of forty-four varicocele patients and in seventeen normal men. T values were not significantly different from controls, while DHT values were significantly lower in varicocele patients. When we grouped the patients according to the sperm count, we observed a decrease of(More)
Progesterone (P), 17-OH-progesterone (17-OH-P), Androstenedione (delta 4) and testosterone (T) plasma levels were measured in spermatic venous blood of twenty-nine varicocele patients (V) and in twelve normal subjects (N). Our data reveal a significant decrease of the mean testosterone in the spermatic blood of varicocele patients with respect to normal(More)
The function of sex accessory glands in 95 varicocele patients was investigated by determining the fructose, prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP), and zinc levels in the seminal plasma. These biochemical substances are, in fact, markers of the seminal vesicles and prostate, respectively. It was observed that both the PAP and zinc levels were significantly lower(More)
Leydig cell function was studied in 108 varicocele (V) patients with a mean age of 30.9 years, and a control group (C) of 46 men with a mean age of 30 years. Plasma gonadotropin levels were determined before and after GNRH stimulation. Testosterone (T), 17-OH-progesterone (17-OH-P), dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and estradiol (E2) were also assayed. Mean plasma(More)
In order to study Leydig cell function in patients with varicoceles, we determined plasma levels of the most important testicular steroids, 17-OH-progesterone (17-OH-P) and testosterone (T) in the basal condition and after hCG stimulation. There was a significant inverse linear correlation between age, plasma testosterone, and 17-OH-P (n = 65, r = 0.316, P(More)
In a large group of patients with varicocele (n = 108, mean age: 30.9 years) Leydig cell function was investigated by determining the plasma levels of gonadotrophins under basal conditions and after GnRH stimulation, and by measuring the plasma levels of 17-OH-progesterone (17-OH-P), testosterone (T), dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and oestradiol (E2). There was(More)