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We reviewed the frequency and prognostic significance of FLT3 (fms-like tyrosine kinase receptor-3) and NPM (nucleophosmin) gene mutations and WT1 (Wilms' tumor) and BAALC (brain and acute leukemia, cytoplasmic) gene expression in 100 consecutive patients with intermediate and poor cytogenetic risk de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) receiving conventional(More)
Fifty uniformly treated adult AML patients were analyzed with respect to pre-treatment and post-induction risk factors. Forty-two patients achieving complete hematological remission were assessed for minimal residual disease (MRD) by WT1 gene expression; 34 by flow-cytometry (flow-MRD). Patients who were flow-MRD negative had a better 3-year disease-free(More)
Therapeutic options for patients with relapsed or refractory acute leukemia are still undefined and often unsatisfactory. We report the outcome of 79 patients with relapsed-refractory acute leukemia treated with fludarabine, cytarabine, and liposomal daunorubicin (FLAD regimen) followed by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), when clinically(More)
We compared the clinical value of minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring by cytofluorimetric methods, Wilms tumor gene 1 (WT1) expression and the study of nucleophosmin gene (NPM) mutations in a series of 26 patients with NPM-mutated de novo acute myeloid leukemia (NPM-AML) who achieved complete hematological remission after conventional chemotherapy.(More)
We report the final results of a prospective trial testing the combination of fludarabine, Ara-C and idarubicin (FLAI) followed by low-dose gemtuzumab ozogamicin (FLAI-GO) in 85 patients aged 60 years or more with CD33+ acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Median age was 68 years (60–82); karyotype was unfavourable in 21 patients (24 %), intermediate in 63 (74 %)(More)
Tyrosin kinase inhibitors (TKI), have dramatically changed the natural history of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) leading to an impressive increase in overall survival rates and allowing many CML patients to achieve a close-to-normal life expectancy. Unfortunately, there is growing evidence that these drugs are not curative, about 30-35% of the patients who(More)
We conducted a long-term follow-up retrospective study on 91 consecutive newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL) patients. Induction and consolidation therapy were well-tolerated by most patients. Of the 79 patients who were initially treated with the all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)-containing regimens, there were 3 haemorrhagic deaths during the(More)