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We have identified a novel human gene of the Ig superfamily, designated LAG-3. Expression of this gene is undetectable in resting PBL, while it is found (a 2-kb message) in activated T and NK cells. The LAG-3 gene includes eight exons; the corresponding cDNA encodes a 498-amino acid membrane protein with four extracellular IgSF domains. The first one(More)
We report here the characterization of a series of T cell receptor (TcR) V alpha or V beta subfamily-specific oligonucleotide primers. Criteria that have guided the design of each oligonucleotide include appropriate thermodynamic parameters as well as differential base-pairing scores with related and unrelated target sequences. The specificity of the(More)
Malignant melanomas are often infiltrated by T lymphocytes. It is postulated that the presence of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) reflects ongoing immune responses against transformed cells. Such "responses" appear generally inefficient with the potential exception of infrequent clinical situations characterized by spontaneous tumor regression. We have(More)
We have characterized a functional T cell receptor (TcR) delta transcript in a Ti gamma A+ human cloned cell line derived from peripheral blood. This cDNA includes a novel V gene (V-AB12), whose expression was initially studied in a series of TcR gamma/delta+ clones. Nine Ti gamma A+ clones derived independently from distinct donors have been tested: each(More)
Anchored-PCR (A-PCR) is an approach designed to amplify and clone sequences with unknown 5' or 3' extremities. A-PCR is therefore appropriate for studying variable region of T-cell receptors (TCRs) expressed in polyclonal T-cell populations since it does not prejudge which variable gene segments are actually being used. We report here some critical(More)
The anchored-polymerase chain reaction has been used to study further the diversity of the human T cell receptor alpha chain. The analysis of 308 cDNA transcripts from human peripheral lymphocytes hybridizing with a C alpha probe led to the identification of a series of additional V alpha and J alpha gene segments. The sequences of seven V alpha gene(More)
T lymphocytes play a pivotal role in graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and largely contribute to the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect. Most mature T lymphocytes specifically recognize antigens through the alpha/beta T-cell receptor (TCR). Each alpha/beta TCR chain includes a constant region and a variable region, the latter being encoded by V-J alpha or(More)
Tumor regression induced by IL-2 in a fraction of patients with metastatic renal-cell carcinoma (MRCC) could not be predicted by immunological monitoring. In addition, the general mechanisms leading to tumor regression or even the distinct cell subsets (e.g., T vs. NK cells) involved are poorly identified. To evaluate the influence of IL-2 administration on(More)
We have identified in earlier studies two V delta rearrangements corresponding to a 4.5-kb Eco RI fragment detected with a V delta1 probe and to a 7-kb Eco RI band detected with a V delta2 probe. These rearrangements have been found in two human T cell clones, F6C7 and G6, displaying surface phenotypes unfrequent in human peripheral blood, namely Ti gamma(More)
Seven distinct anti-human T cell receptor (TcR) V region monoclonal antibodies (mAb) were generated by immunizing mice with either human T cell lines or transfected murine cells expressing human TcR V beta genes. The specificity of these reagents was determined as follows: T cells recognized by each mAb were purified from the peripheral blood of healthy(More)