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The intent of this chapter is to provide the reader with a review of GeneChip technology and the complete system it represents, including its versatility, components, and the exciting applications that are enabled by this platform. The following aspects of the technology are reviewed: array design and manufacturing, target preparation, instrumentation, data(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a ubiquitous environmental bacterium capable of causing a variety of life-threatening human infections. The genetic basis for preferential infection of certain immunocompromised patients or individuals with cystic fibrosis by P. aeruginosa is not understood. To establish whether variation in the genomic repertoire of P. aeruginosa(More)
Species identification within the genus Mycobacterium and subsequent antibiotic susceptibility testing still rely on time-consuming, culture-based methods. Despite the recent development of DNA probes, which greatly reduce assay time, there is a need for a single platform assay capable of answering the multitude of diagnostic questions associated with this(More)
We have combined photochemistry and photolithography with solid-phase DNA synthesis chemistry to form a new technology that makes high density oligonucleotide probe array synthesis possible. Hybridization to these two-dimensional arrays containing hundreds or thousands of oligonucleotide probes provides a powerful DNA sequence analysis tool. Two types of(More)
The araC gene encodes a positive regulatory protein required for L-arabinose utilization in Escherichia coli. Transcription from the araC promoter has been shown to be under positive control by cAMP receptor protein and under negative control by its protein product (autoregulation). This work describes the identification of the region of the araC promoter(More)
An automated enzymatic method was developed for the measurement of D-arabinitol in human serum. The assay is based on a novel, highly specific D-arabinitol dehydrogenase from Candida tropicalis. This enzyme catalyzes the oxidation of D-arabinitol to D-ribulose and the concomitant reduction of NAD+ to NADH. The NADH produced is used in a second reaction to(More)
The highly polymorphic B-G antigens are considered to be part of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) of the chicken, the B system of histocompatibility, because they are encoded in a family of genes tightly linked with the genes encoding MHC class I and class II antigens. To better understand these unusual MHC antigens, full-length B-G cDNA clones(More)
The gene (ARD) that encodes NAD-dependent D-arabinitol dehydrogenase (ArDH) in the pathogenic fungus Candida tropicalis (Ct) was cloned by transforming Escherichia coli (Ec) BW31M (araCc) with a plasmid library of Ct genomic DNA and selecting for D-arabinitol-utilizing (D-arab+) clones. Plasmid DNA from a D-arab+ clone retransformed fresh Ec BW31M cells to(More)