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We have combined photochemistry and photolithography with solid-phase DNA synthesis chemistry to form a new technology that makes high density oligonucleotide probe array synthesis possible. Hybridization to these two-dimensional arrays containing hundreds or thousands of oligonucleotide probes provides a powerful DNA sequence analysis tool. Two types of(More)
The intent of this chapter is to provide the reader with a review of GeneChip technology and the complete system it represents, including its versatility, components, and the exciting applications that are enabled by this platform. The following aspects of the technology are reviewed: array design and manufacturing, target preparation, instrumentation, data(More)
The highly polymorphic B-G antigens are considered to be part of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) of the chicken, the B system of histocompatibility, because they are encoded in a family of genes tightly linked with the genes encoding MHC class I and class II antigens. To better understand these unusual MHC antigens, full-length B-G cDNA clones(More)
The high degree of polymorphism found among the class I genes of the murine major histocompatibility complex (H-2) has led to the postulation that specific genetic mechanisms are responsible for their diversity. These same genetic mechanisms are probably responsible for the high spontaneous mutation frequency seen in H-2 alleles. The bml mutation of the(More)
Species identification within the genus Mycobacterium and subsequent antibiotic susceptibility testing still rely on time-consuming, culture-based methods. Despite the recent development of DNA probes, which greatly reduce assay time, there is a need for a single platform assay capable of answering the multitude of diagnostic questions associated with this(More)
Two oligodeoxyribonucleotides were chemically synthesized and used to specifically mutate the regulatory region of the araBAD operon in Escherichia coli B/r. One oligodeoxyribonucleotide introduced a 3-bp deletion in the araC activator binding site, the other a 3-bp deletion in the CRP-cAMP binding site. The mutations were introduced onto an ara insert(More)
The B-G antigens are highly polymorphic antigens encoded by genes located within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) of the chicken, the B system. The B-G antigens of the chicken MHC are found only on erythrocytes and correspond to neither MHC class I nor class II antigens. Several clones were selected from a λgt11 erythroid cell expression library(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a ubiquitous environmental bacterium capable of causing a variety of life-threatening human infections. The genetic basis for preferential infection of certain immunocompromised patients or individuals with cystic fibrosis by P. aeruginosa is not understood. To establish whether variation in the genomic repertoire of P. aeruginosa(More)