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OBJECTIVES To evaluate the ability of an interdisciplinary data set (recently defined by the Austrian Working Group for the Standardization of a Documentation System for Intensive Care [ASDI]) to assess intensive care units (ICUs) by means of the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II) for the severity of illness and the simplified Therapeutic(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative haemorrhage in neurosurgery is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. There is controversy whether or not factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency leads to bleeding complications after craniotomy. Decreased fibrinogen levels have been associated with an increased incidence of bleeding complications in cardiac and orthopaedic(More)
A prospective, randomized and double blind study was undertaken to determine the incidence and a possible dose- or age-dependence of hiccups in children premedicated with rectal midazolam and to investigate the treatment of hiccups by intranasal ethyl chloride spray application. Two hundred ASA physical status 1 and 2 children, weighing 3.0 to 15.0 kg,(More)
BACKGROUND Patients on chronic anticonvulsant drugs are relatively resistant to certain nondepolarizing neuromuscular blockers such as pancuronium, vecuronium, pipecuronium, doxacurium, or metocurine, but not resistant to mivacurium and atracurium. This study investigated the influence of chronic carbamazepine therapy on the neuromuscular block induced by(More)
Lipocalin-2 (LCN-2), which is expressed in immunocytes as well as hepatocytes, is upregulated in cells under stress from infection or inflammation with increase in serum levels. We sought to investigate the relevance of LCN-2 in the setting of acute hepatic failure, particularly when addressed with the molecular adsorbent recirculating system (MARS). We(More)
Serum nucleosomes have been suggested to be markers for cell death and apoptosis. Increased hepatocyte apoptosis can be demonstrated in acute liver failure (ALF) as well as acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). We investigated the relevance of nucleosomes in the setting of acute hepatic failure. Further, we studied the effects of the molecular adsorbent(More)
Sevoflurane is a potent inhalational agent, combining several advantages of specific interest in paediatric anaesthesia. Rapid and smooth induction, a safe cardiovascular profile, rapid emergence and a short postoperative recovery with minimal side effects are ideal characteristics of this agent for the use in paediatric anaesthesiology. The apparent(More)