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BACKGROUND A very important issue in living kidney donor transplantation is whether the donation is safe for the donor. The aim of this study was to examine survival and causes of death in kidney donors and to assess the renal function in those who had donated a kidney more than 20 years ago. METHODS A total of 459 living donor nephrectomies were(More)
The remarkable difference in success rates between clinical pancreas transplantation and islet transplantation is poorly understood. Despite the same histocompatibility barrier and similar immunosuppressive treatments in both transplantation procedures, human intraportal islet transplantation has a much inferior success rate than does vascularized pancreas(More)
Islet transplantation offers a logical means to treat insulin-dependent diabetes. However, for reasons poorly understood, the clinical results with islet transplantation have been vastly inferior to those obtained with whole organ pancreas transplantation. The conventional technique for transplanting isolated islets is by intraportal injection, with the(More)
In 11 European centers, first cadaveric renal allograft recipients were randomized to CsA (n = 42) or sirolimus (n = 41). Dosing of these agents was concentration-controlled and open-labeled. All patients received corticosteroids and azathioprine. At 12 months, graft survival (98% sirolimus vs 93% CsA), patient survival (100% vs 98%), and incidence of(More)
Human fetal pancreas (HFP) is a potential source of beta-cells for transplantation to insulin-dependent diabetic patients. We have previously described a method for tissue culture of HFP that results in the in vitro development of isletlike cell clusters (ICCs) containing a minority of insulin-positive cells. Recently we found that nicotinamide, an(More)
A phase I study was conducted to determine the pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of sirolimus, a new immunosuppressive drug, in 45 healthy men between 19 and 36 years of age. Nine subjects in each group were randomly assigned to receive single oral doses of either sirolimus (n = 6) or placebo (n = 3) in group I (0.3 mg/m2), group II (1 mg/m2),(More)
BACKGROUND Sirolimus (rapamycin) is a potent immunosuppressant with a mechanism of action different from cyclosporine (CsA) or tacrolimus. METHODS In 11 European centers, first cadaveric renal allograft recipients were randomized to CsA (n=42) or sirolimus (n=41). Dosing of these agents was concentration-controlled and open-labeled. All patients received(More)
UNTIL last year, the kidney was the only organ which had been transplanted with subsequent significant prolongation of life. There had been nine reported attempts at orthotopic liver transplantation; seven in Denver 2 2 + 2 3 and one each in Bostonle and P a r i ~. ~ Two of these patients had succumbed within a few hours after opera-t i ~ n , ~ , 22 and(More)
BACKGROUND The study of whether porcine xenografts can lead to porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV) infection of recipients is critical for evaluating the safety of pig-to-man xenotransplantation. PERV is carried in the pig germline, and all recipients of porcine tissues or organs will be exposed to the virus. METHODS We studied 10 diabetic patients who(More)