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BACKGROUND In the English pay-for-performance program, physicians use a range of criteria to exclude individual patients from the quality calculations that determine their pay. This process, which is called exception reporting, is intended to safeguard patients against inappropriate treatment by physicians seeking to maximize their income. However,(More)
BACKGROUND In 2004, after a series of national initiatives associated with marked improvements in the quality of care, the National Health Service of the United Kingdom introduced a pay-for-performance contract for family practitioners. This contract increases existing income according to performance with respect to 146 quality indicators covering clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness of an intervention to enhance self management support for patients with chronic conditions in UK primary care. DESIGN Pragmatic, two arm, cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING General practices, serving a population in northwest England with high levels of deprivation. PARTICIPANTS 5599 patients with a(More)
BACKGROUND The quality and outcomes framework is a financial incentive scheme that remunerates general practices in the UK for their performance against a set of quality indicators. Incentive schemes can increase inequalities in the delivery of care if practices in affluent areas are more able to respond to the incentives than are those in deprived areas.(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing the effective targeting and promotion of self-care support for long-term conditions requires more of a focus on patient contexts and networks. The aim of this paper is to describe how within a programme of research and implementation, social networks are viewed as being centrally involved in the mobilisation and deployment of resources(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to conduct a comprehensive systematic review comparing tissue glue (TG) against tacks/staples for mesh fixation in laparoscopic (totally extra-peritoneal and trans-abdominal pre-peritoneal) groin hernia repair with the incidence of post-operative chronic pain as the primary outcome measure. METHODS A computerized(More)
BACKGROUND In England, the Expert Patients Programme, a lay-led chronic disease self-management course, was developed to improve self-care support and skills. The course is designed for anyone with a self-defined long-term condition, and attracts a heterogeneous group of patients. A randomised controlled trial has demonstrated effectiveness in improving(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the reasons why practices exempt patients from the UK Quality and Outcomes Framework pay for performance scheme (exception reporting) and to identify the characteristics of general practices associated with informed dissent. DESIGN Retrospective analysis. SETTING Data for 2008-9 extracted from the clinical computing systems of(More)
A complication of long-term anticoagulation is that the optimal dose level varies not only between patients but over time within patients, in response to short-term changes in lifestyle. Consequently, doseage needs to be adaptive but there are as yet no accepted decision rules. Since anticoagulant use is increasing worldwide there is a need for more(More)
BACKGROUND Permissive hypercapnia is routinely practiced in neonatal intensive care units. The effect of permissive hypercapnia on the preterm brain and brain electrical activity is unknown. In this study, we aimed to determine the effect of chronic changes in partial pressure of blood carbon dioxide (PcO2) on brain electrical activity in preterm newborn(More)