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PURPOSE Combined chemoradiotherapy with and without surgery are widely accepted alternatives for the curative treatment of patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer. The value of adding surgery to chemotherapy and radiotherapy is unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the esophagus were(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the value of predictive scores in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. DESIGN Multicentre evaluation with a prospective database. SUBJECTS 1254 patients with acute abdominal pain. SETTING 6 departments of surgery, Germany. INTERVENTIONS To measure the performance of 10 scores on one database using standardised criteria and to(More)
Background: Acute appendicitis is the second most common cause of surgical abdominal disease in late adulthood. It is a serious condition: major errors in management are made frequently and the condition is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Data collected within a multicenter prospective trial and a literature review were used to analyze(More)
A prospective multicenter observational trial was performed to assess the performance and clinical benefit of ultrasonography of the appendix in the routine clinical examination. Included in the study were 2280 patients with acute abdominal pain from 11 surgical departments in Germany and Austria. Ultrasonography of the appendix was performed in 870 (38%)(More)
HYPOTHESIS Clinical use of a diagnostic score improves decision making in acute appendicitis. DESIGN A before-and-after trial comparing a group of patients undergoing standard diagnostic workup with no additional diagnostic support (phase 1) with a group of patients undergoing additional diagnostic support with a score (phase 2). SETTING Eight(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite the introduction of effective medical treatment of peptic ulcer disease, bleeding is still a frequent complication. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the incidence and the risk profile of peptic ulcer haemorrhage have changed within a 10-year period. MATERIAL AND METHODS In a prospective epidemiological and observational(More)
Intestinal metaplasia in Barrett's esophagus (BIM) is a precancerous condition, whereas the carcinogenic potential of intestinal metaplasia of the cardia (CIM) is uncertain. Although clinically important, histological distinction between both conditions by endoscopic biopsies is considered problematic. In the present study, 4-mm samples of BIM (n=31) and(More)
In an ex vivo- and an animal study a Holmium-YAG laser, a Nd:YAG laser and a CO2 laser were examined. For laparoscopic cholecystectomy the pulsed Holmium:YAG laser proved to be the best instrument. Dissecting and haemostatic effects were connected when working with a power of 4 watts. Dissected area per minute was 112 mm2, gallbladder dissection (15 cm2)(More)
The current incidence of appendicitis is about 100 per 100,000 person-years in Europe/America. Whereas the appendectomy rate is still decreasing, the incidence of appendicitis is now nearly stable. During the last 30 years the incidence of perforated appendicitis has not changed (approximately 20 per 100,000 person-years). Established risk factors for acute(More)
BACKGROUND In spite of the important role of conservative treatment, up to 90 % of all patients with Crohn's disease will undergo an operation during the course of their illness. Up to 50 % even need a second operation or further surgical procedures - with an increasing risk for perioperative complications. This study was designed to identify the risk(More)