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A new reliable, fast, and simple method for the detection of aflatoxigenic Aspergillus strains, consisting of the addition of a cyclodextrin (a methylated beta-cyclodextrin derivative) to common media used for testing mycotoxin production ability, was developed. We propose the use of this compound as an additive for fungal culture media to enhance the(More)
The effect of an advanced vacuum skin packaging system on the microbiological and physicochemical properties of fresh retail cuts of beef (including meat portions from six different anatomical regions) stored at 4 degrees C was compared with the effect of traditional vacuum packaging. The vacuum skin packaging system whose effect on meat quality was(More)
A study of the depletion of enrofloxacin residues in eggs was carried out using a diphasic dialysis procedure for the extraction of fluoroquinolone residues from the matrix. Enrofloxacin was administered to laying hens through the intramuscular route (15 mg/day) and orally (12 mg/day). After daily collection, the egg albumen and the egg yolk were separated,(More)
The mean counts of Enterococcus spp. were determined for 30 samples each of organic chicken meat, conventional chicken meat, and turkey meat, and differences for Enterococcus contamination in meat were determined. Two enterococci strains from each sample were isolated to obtain a total of 180 strains, and resistance to ampicillin, chloramphenicol,(More)
The resistance rates of intestinal Escherichia coli populations from poultry were determined during treatment and withdrawal period with 3 antimicrobial agents commonly used as therapeutics in poultry medicine. A total of 108 chickens were considered: 18 were treated orally with enrofloxacin, 18 with doxycycline, and 18 with sulfonamides, whereas another 18(More)
The presence of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Listeria monocytogenes was determined in 55 samples of organic poultry meat and in 61 samples of conventional poultry meat. A total of 220 E. coli, 192 S. aureus, and 71 L. monocytogenes strains were analyzed by an agar disk diffusion assay for their resistance to ampicillin, cephalothin,(More)
Salmonella serovars are responsible for foodborne diseases around the world. The ability to form biofilms allows microorganisms to survive in the environment. In this study, 73 Salmonella strains, belonging to four different subspecies, were isolated from poultry houses and foodstuffs and tested. Biofilm formation was measured at four different temperatures(More)
A novel screening method based on room temperature phosphorescence (RTP) for the visual detection of aflatoxigenic strains from Aspergillus genus is described. Strains were cultured on media widely used in food mycology to which methyl-beta-cyclodextrin plus bile salts (0.6% sodium deoxycholate) were added. Aflatoxin production was readily detectable after(More)
In the present work we studied the antifungal effect of eugenol and thymol on the growth and production of citrinin from Penicillium citrinum (NRRL 2274 and NRRL 2269) in culture media and in different Spanish cheeses (Arzúa-Ulloa, Cebreiro and San Simón). The rate of growth was assessed by measuring colony diameters and the production of citrinin was(More)
The bacteriocins produced by two lactic acid bacteria isolated from nonfermented fresh meat and fish, respectively, and exhibiting a remarkable antilisterial activity, were characterized. Bacteriocinogenic strains were identified as Enterococcus faecium and the maximum bacteriocin production by both strains was detected in the stationary phase of growth.(More)