C. Ethevenaux

Learn More
BACKGROUND In developing countries, pneumonia and meningitis due to Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) are common in children under age 12 months and the mortality from meningitis is high. Protein-polysaccharide conjugate vaccines have brought Hib disease under control in industrialised countries. We did a double-blind randomised trial in The Gambia to(More)
In preparation for an efficacy trial of PRP-T Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine, 251 Gambian infants were randomized to receive three doses of PRP-T and diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) vaccines at 2, 3 and 4 months of age, either by separate injections, or combined in the same syringe. One month after the third dose, there was no difference(More)
The safety and immunogenicity of combining two established vaccines, polyribosyl ribitol phosphate conjugated to tetanus toxoid (PRP-T) (ActHIB, Pasteur Mérieux Connaught, Lyon, France) and diphtheria-tetanus-whole cell pertussis and inactivated poliovirus vaccine (DTP-IPV) (Tetracoq, Pasteur Mérieux Connaught, Lyon, France) were evaluated using a new(More)
Controversial results have been obtained from previous studies on the combined administration of Haemophilus influenzae type b-tetanus toxoid conjugate (PRP-T) and diphtheria-tetanus-whole-cell pertussis (DTwP) combination vaccines, with regard to possible reciprocal interference between the constituent antigens. To document the priming effect and possible(More)
Because inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) and Haemophilus influenzae b vaccine are advised in many programs and may be incorporated further in other programs, we undertook a study to determine whether the administration of a tetravalent preparation of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis-IPV mixed in one syringe with tetanus-conjugate H. influenzae b vaccine(More)
The immunogenicity and safety of a combined diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and Haemophilus influenzae type b-tetanus conjugate vaccine (DTP-PRP-T) was compared to the same combination obtained by the reconstitution of H. influenzae type b-tetanus conjugate vaccine lyophilized (PRP-T) with liquid diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine (DTP). Two hundred and(More)
BACKGROUND Protein-polysaccharide conjugate H influenzae vaccine is now routinely recommended for infants. To assess the vaccine's protective efficacy against invasive H influenzae infections and its safety, we conducted a study in the Val-de-Marne area of France. METHODS From April 1991 to April 1993, 22,443 children less than 5 years of age were given(More)
UNLABELLED A polyribosylribitol phosphate (polysaccharide)-tetanus protein conjugate vaccine (PRP-T) against Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) was evaluated for protective immunogenicity in 25 previously PRP-unimmunized children who had failed to develop protective PRP antibody levels (< 1 microg/ml) after prior invasive Hib disease at median age 10(More)
BACKGROUND Acute malaria is a major pediatric problem in developing countries and it is known to be immunosuppressive. METHODS The serum antibody response to Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine was investigated in children ages 12 to 30 months with fever associated with malaria, fever associated with other causes or no fever. Groups of(More)
The place of whole cell pertussis vaccines in paediatric immunisation schedules is under re-evaluation by public health authorities in many countries, with the expectation that the newly licensed acellular Bordetella pertussis vaccines will induce fewer adverse events while providing equivalent efficacy. In France, for instance, the CSHPF (Conseil supérieur(More)