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The quality factor (Q), mode volume (V eff), and room-temperature lasing threshold of microdisk cavities with embedded quantum dots (QDs) are investigated. Finite element method simulations of standing wave modes within the microdisk reveal that V eff can be as small as 2(λ/n) 3 while maintaining radiation-limited Qs in excess of 10 5. Microdisks with a 2(More)
Cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED) systems allow the study of a variety of fundamental quantum-optics phenomena, such as entanglement, quantum decoherence and the quantum-classical boundary. Such systems also provide test beds for quantum information science. Nearly all strongly coupled cavity QED experiments have used a single atom in a(More)
A technique is demonstrated which efficiently transfers light between a tapered standard single-mode optical fiber and a high-Q, ultra-small mode volume, silicon photonic crystal resonant cavity. Cavity mode quality factors of 4.7 × 10 4 are measured, and a total fiber-to-cavity coupling efficiency of 44% is demonstrated. Using this efficient cavity input(More)
Surgical extirpation of the affected gland has been necessary for cases of sialolithiasis in which the stone cannot be removed by dilatation or dissection of the salivary duct. The ability of the piezoelectric lithotripter to deliver shockwaves to a small focus makes extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy of salivary gland stones potentially safe. Its safety(More)
The concept and design of L5 photonic band gap nanocavities in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs for enhancement of stimulated Raman amplification and lasing in monolithic silicon is suggested for the first time. Specific high quality factor and small modal volume nanocavities are designed which supports the required pump-Stokes modal spacing in(More)
BACKGROUND With the introduction of laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) along with the increasing efficacy of modern medical treatment, a direct comparison is warranted. The 3-year interim results of a randomised study comparing both the efficacy and safety of LARS and esomeprazole (ESO) are reported. (More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate pain sensations experienced during extracorporeal shock-wave application, comparing an electrohydraulic (MPL 9000; Dornier Medizintechnik, Germering, Germany), an electromagnetic (Lithostar Plus; Siemens, Erlangen, Germany), and a piezoelectric (Piezolith 2300; Wolf, Knittlingen, Germany) shock-wave system. In(More)
We examine the dynamics of stimulated Raman scattering in designed high-Q/V m silicon photonic band gap nanocavities through the coupled-mode theory framework towards optically-pumped silicon lasing. The interplay of other χ (3) effects such as two-photon absorption and optical Kerr, related free-carrier dynamics, thermal effects, as well as linear losses(More)
The Barrett's and Esophageal Adenocarcinoma Consortium (BEACON) recently performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) and Barrett's esophagus. They identified genome-wide significant association for variants at three genes, namely CRTC1, FOXP1, and BARX1. Furthermore, they replicated an association at the FOXF1 gene(More)