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Degenerative central lumbar stenosis has traditionally been considered to be a result of bony narrowing of the spinal canal. In two consecutive patients with degenerative central lumbar stenosis and complete myelographic blocks, the cauda equina was compressed by a thickened ligamentum flavum (cross-sectional area [CSA], > 150 mm2). This ligamentous(More)
The authors report two cases of herniated intervertebral disc presenting as a mass posterior to the odontoid process and causing myelopathy in previously healthy elderly women. The differential diagnosis of a mass at the craniovertebral junction is reviewed, and the implications of these cases are discussed.
Two patients with spontaneous spinal subarachnoid hemorrhage are presented to emphasize the clinical and radiological features of this uncommon illness. Both had severe back pain at the onset. One patient had a subdural hematoma that compressed the conus medullaris and cauda equina, and was drained percutaneously; the other had clots in the subarachnoid(More)
Thromboembolic complications are a major cause of postoperative morbidity and mortality in the neurosurgical patient. Prophylaxis with lower extremity pneumatic compression boots (PCBs) reduces the incidence of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) but has not been shown to affect the incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE). Prophylaxis with low-dose(More)
Håkanson's treatment of trigeminal neuralgia by injecting 0.2 to 0.4 ml of glycerol into the cerebrospinal fluid in Meckel's cave was carried out in 27 patients with trigeminal neuralgia, 3 with atypical facial neuralgia, and 1 with post-traumatic facial neuralgia. Minor modifications of his technique are described based on our finding of a greater pain and(More)
In cases of Cushing's syndrome, unusual amounts of fat may accumulate in the spinal epidural space, similar to centripetal fat deposits elsewhere in the body. The mass of excessive epidural fat may be responsible for neurological symptoms referable to compression of the spinal cord or cauda equina. We report three cases illustrating this unusual phenomenon(More)
Combined retrograde transport and immunocytochemical methods were used to determine whether Edinger-Westphal neurons projecting to spinal cord also demonstrate substance P-like immunoreactivity (SPLI). Large injections of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) into cervical and lumbar enlargements retrogradely labeled cells throughout the length of the(More)
Three unusual cases are reported in which communicating syringomyelia presented acutely. The first patient presented with paraplegia, the second with acute respiratory distress secondary to bilateral vocal cord paralysis, and the third with symptoms of acute brain-stem ischemia. Each patient had a communicating spinal cord syrinx associated with a posterior(More)
Nucleus caudalis expression of preproenkephalin mRNA changes following lesions depleting small-caliber primary afferent fibers and after stimulation of trigeminal afferents at different intensities. Animals treated neonatally with capsaicin display reduced preproenkephalin gene expression in nucleus caudalis neurons. Stimulation of normal animals at low(More)