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This 70-year-old woman presented with a left C2 solitary metastatic lesion producing ipsilateral occipital pain associated with contralateral fronto-orbital dysaesthesias. Examination revealed analgesia in the left C2 dermatome and hyperaesthesia in the right forehead. These symptoms and findings resolved following a course of radiation therapy to the C2(More)
Degenerative central lumbar stenosis has traditionally been considered to be a result of bony narrowing of the spinal canal. In two consecutive patients with degenerative central lumbar stenosis and complete myelographic blocks, the cauda equina was compressed by a thickened ligamentum flavum (cross-sectional area [CSA], > 150 mm2). This ligamentous(More)
In 27 patients undergoing laminectomy, spinal cord function was monitored by epidural bipolar recordings of conducted spinal somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP's) across the laminectomy site, with calculation of spinal conduction velocity (CV). In control cases without myelopathy, the CV remained relatively constant (+/- 3%) even during prolonged(More)
Two cases of progressive, occipital lancinating pain and dysesthesias associated with a sensory deficit of the C2 dermatome are presented. Symptoms were relieved, and C2 sensory function restored by releasing a hypertrophied atlanto-epistrophic ligament entrapping the C2 root and ganglion. The normal anatomy and abnormal surgical findings are described. C2(More)
Thromboembolic complications are a major cause of postoperative morbidity and mortality in the neurosurgical patient. Prophylaxis with lower extremity pneumatic compression boots (PCBs) reduces the incidence of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) but has not been shown to affect the incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE). Prophylaxis with low-dose(More)
Immunocytochemical methods were used to determine the distribution of cells with cholecystokinin-like immunoreactivity (CCK-LI) in the cat Edinger-Westphal complex (EW). Numerous cells with CCK-LI are found throughout the length of EW. The distribution and frequency of such cells are similar to the pattern of EW neurons that show substance P-like(More)
Cingulate cortex (CC) unit responses to hippocampal volleys and afterdischarges were studied in 4 awake unsedated squirrel monkeys using extracellular microelectrodes. Stimuli were delivered via bipolar electrodes chronically implanted bilaterally in anterior and posterior hippocampus. A total of 412 units in 21 tracks were studied and tested to single and(More)
Two patients with spontaneous spinal subarachnoid hemorrhage are presented to emphasize the clinical and radiological features of this uncommon illness. Both had severe back pain at the onset. One patient had a subdural hematoma that compressed the conus medullaris and cauda equina, and was drained percutaneously; the other had clots in the subarachnoid(More)