C. E. M. Hollak

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Summary: It has been shown that treatment with miglustat (Zavesca, N-butyldeoxynojirimycin, OGT 918) improves key clinical features of type I Gaucher disease after 1 year of treatment. This study reports longer-term efficacy and safety data. Patients who had completed 12 months of treatment with open-label miglustat (100-300 mg three times daily) were(More)
Background: Fabry disease (OMIM 301500) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder with characteristic vascular, renal, cardiac and cerebral complications. Globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) accumulates in Fabry patients as a result of α-galactosidase A deficiency. The phenotypic variability is high, but the relationship between clinical symptoms in individual(More)
N-Butyldeoxynojirimycin (NB-DNJ, miglustat 'Zavesca') is an orallyactive iminosugar which inhibits the biosynthesis of macromolecular substrates that accumulate pathologically in glycosphingolipidoses. Clinical trials of NB-DNJ in patients with Gaucher's disease demonstrate the therapeutic potential of such substrate inhibitors in the glycolipid storage(More)
Recently a striking elevation of the activity of chitotriosidase, an endo β-glucosaminidase distinct from lysozyme, was found in plasma from patients with Gaucher type I disease (McKusick 230800). Plasma chitotriosidase originates from activated macrophages and this elevation is secondary to the basic defect in Gaucher disease. To investigate the(More)
The introduction of enzyme supplementation therapy for Gaucherdisease has had a great impact on the lives of many patients. Organomegaly, cytopenia and bone disease have been shown to improve in response to treatment, resulting in an improvement in quality of life. However, the assessment of organ system involvement is not always done in such a way that the(More)
Gaucher disease is a lysosomal storage disorder, which is classically divided into three types. Type I Gaucher disease is differentiated from types II and III disease by the absence of nervous system involvement. However, an increasing number of reports has emerged on neurological manifestations in patients with type I Gaucher disease. Whether a strict(More)
Type B Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) is a nonneuronopathic lysosomal storage disorder which is characterized by accumulation of sphingomyelin-laden macrophages. The availability of plasma markers for storage cells may be of great value in facilitating therapeutic decisions. Given the similarity of the storage cells in NPD and Gaucher disease, we studied(More)
Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme α-galactosidase A. Manifestations of the disease in placental tissue have been reported only twice. We report for the first time on the biochemical, histological and genetic features of two cases: placenta A derived from a mother heterozygous for Fabry(More)
The glycosphingolipid (GSL) lysosomal storage diseases are caused by mutations in the genes encoding the glycohydrolases that catabolize GSLs within lysosomes. In these diseases the substrate for the defective enzyme accumulates in the lysosome and the stored GSL leads to cellular dysfunction and disease. The diseases frequently have a progressive(More)
Enzyme replacement was introduced as treatment for non-neuronopathic Gaucher disease more than 15 years ago. To ensure the best use of this costly ultra-orphan agent, a systematic disease management approach has been proposed by an international panel; this includes the development, by consensus, of achievable treatment goals. Here we critically review(More)