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BACKGROUND Echocardiographic contrast media have been used to assess myocardial perfusion and to enhance endocardial definition for improved assessment of left ventricular (LV) function. These methodologies, however, have been qualitative or have required extensive offline image analysis. Power modulation is a recently developed imaging technique that(More)
OBJECTIVES Peripartum cardiomyopathy is a rare complication of pregnancy. Thirty percent of patients with this disorder are reported to recover baseline ventricular function within 6 months of delivery, but the ability of these ventricles to respond to hemodynamic stress is unknown. The aim of this investigation was to quantitatively assess the contractile(More)
Idiopathic-dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) is a common primary myocardial disease of unknown etiology characterized by progressive biventricular failure, cardiac dilatation, and premature mortality. Here we show that transgenic mice expressing a dominant-negative form of the CREB transcription factor (CREBA133) under the control of the cardiac myocyte-specific(More)
We hypothesized that analysis of color-encoded, contrast-enhanced, power modulation images could allow simultaneous quantification of myocardial perfusion and regional LV wall motion. We studied 12 anesthetized pigs at baseline, during acute ischemia and subsequent reperfusion, as well as 8 patients post acute myocardial infarction. Color kinesis was used(More)
BACKGROUND The Poiseuillian model of the arterial system currently applied in clinical physiology does not explain how arterial pressure is maintained during diastole after cessation of pulsatile aortic inflow. Arterial pressure-flow relations can be more accurately described by models that incorporate arterial viscoelastic properties such as arterial(More)
Transgenic and knock-out mice with cardiovascular phenotypes have created the need for methods to measure murine arterial and ventricular mechanics. The aims of this study were (1) to develop a method for the assessment of wall stress (sigma es)-rate corrected velocity of fiber shortening (Vcfc) relation and (2) to assess the feasibility of quantifying(More)
Echocardiographic diagnosis of myocardial ischemia is based on visualizing hypokinesis, which occurs late in the ischemic cascade. We hypothesized that temporal changes in endocardial motion may constitute sensitive early markers of ischemia. Two protocols were performed in 19 anesthetized pigs. Protocol 1 included 54 intracoronary balloon occlusions.(More)
Genetically modified mice have created the need for accurate noninvasive left ventricular mass (LVM) measurements. Recent technical advances provide two-dimensional images adequate for LVM calculation using the area-length method, which in humans is more accurate than M-mode methods. We compared the standard M-mode and area-length methods in mice over a(More)
The T-tube model of systemic arterial circulation was examined with respect to the physiological relevance of model parameters. root aortic pressure [Pao(t)] and flow [Qao(t)] and descending aortic flow [Qb(t)] were measured in anesthetized, open-chest dogs under control conditions, during inflation of a balloon positioned in the left external iliac artery(More)
BACKGROUND Color kinesis is a new technology for the echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular wall motion based on acoustic quantification. This technique automatically detects endocardial motion in real time by using integrated backscatter data to identify pixel transitions from blood to tissue during systole on a frame-by-frame basis. In this(More)