People in every culture must deal with time and the uncertainties of the future. This study investigates how people in five countries make decisions in the dynamic simulation COLDSTORE with its non-linear time development (Reichert & Dö rner, 1988). We expected that, (1) as in the original study (Reichert, 1986), only 20% of all participants would deal… (More)
Research in the fields of complex problem solving (CPS) and dynamic decision making using microworlds has been mainly conducted in Western industrialized countries. This study analyzes the CPS process by investigating thinking-aloud protocols in five countries. Participants were 511 students from Brazil, Germany, India, the Philippines, and the United… (More)
DECISIONS AND HOW THEY ARE MADE In the wider sense, decision making is embedded in the problem-solving process and its many stages (Davidson and Stern-berg, 2003; Güss et al., 2010). In the narrow sense, decision making is understood as the ability to select one of several alternatives and to act accordingly (Güss, 2004). Previous research has often focused… (More)
Complex problems have often been described along certain dimensions, e.g. complexity, transparency, and dynamics. However, problem descriptions of the researcher and problem-characteristics perceived by the participant might differ. This study investigates subjective task complexity and its relationship to complex problem solving performance. Research… (More)
Variables influencing inferences about a stranger's goal during an unsolicited social interaction were explored. Experiment 1 developed a procedure for identifying cues. Experiments 2 and 3 assessed the relative importance of various cues (space, time, characteristics of oneself, characteristics of the stranger, and the stranger's behavior) for goal… (More)
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Lankford criticizes the notion that suicide terrorists are "normal" and argues that they are suicidal. We have two misgivings about this. First, he puts sole focus on the personal side of suicidality and ignores the individual's context. Second, he fails to elaborate on the intent to harm others, which must also include the cultural, political,… (More)
Given Van de Vliert's impressive dataset and prognoses, I will discuss three limitations. First, the evolutionary argument does not adequately take into account how political changes influence freedoms. Second, the operationalizations of needs and freedoms are limited and questionable. Third, a direct relationship between climate, monetary resources, and… (More)