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Starvation triggers a complex array of adaptative metabolic responses including energy-metabolic responses, a process which must imply tissue specific alterations in gene expression and in which the liver plays a central role. The present study aimed to describe the evolution of global gene expression profiles in liver of 4-week-old male chickens during a(More)
AnnotQTL is a web tool designed to aggregate functional annotations from different prominent web sites by minimizing the redundancy of information. Although thousands of QTL regions have been identified in livestock species, most of them are large and contain many genes. This tool was therefore designed to assist the characterization of genes in a QTL(More)
Hen egg white is an original biological fluid in which major proteins have been widely studied, unlike the minor components. In this study, two-dimensional electrophoresis associated with mass spectrometry enabled the separation of 69 protein spots and their matching with major proteins, which were already known, and with minor proteins. Sixteen proteins(More)
The hen egg white protein composition has not yet been fully defined. To improve the knowledge of this biological fluid, the most usual and recently developed electrophoretic methods have been used: SDS-PAGE, native-PAGE, isoelectric focusing (IEF), and 2-dimensional electrophoresis (2DE). Seven of the major known proteins were thus identified in at least(More)
Ovalbumin gene Y has been known as a member of the ovalbumin gene family since 1982, when its encoding gene was sequenced. In the present study, ovalbumin gene Y has been demonstrated as a new minor protein of hen egg white. This protein has been isolated by isoelectrofocalization and two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and has been(More)
Very few causal genes have been identified by quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping because of the large size of QTL, and most of them were identified thanks to functional links already known with the targeted phenotype. Here, we propose to combine selection signature detection, coding SNP annotation, and cis-expression QTL analyses to identify potential(More)
Liver X receptor alpha (LXRalpha), also referred to as nuclear receptor subfamily 1, group H, member 3 is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily, and has recently been shown to act as a master transcription factor governing hepatic lipogenesis in mammals. Liver X receptor alpha directly regulates both the expression of other lipogenic(More)
Although many QTL for various traits have been mapped in livestock, location confidence intervals remain wide that makes difficult the identification of causative mutations. The aim of this study was to test the contribution of microarray data to QTL detection in livestock species. Three different but complementary approaches are proposed to improve(More)
In this work we analyzed the transcriptome profiles of chicken hepatoma cells (LMH) in response to T0901317, a pharmacological agonist of the liver X receptor (LXR). Through an in silico search for LXRE (LXR response element) consensus sequences in the promoter of genes whose expression was shown to be sensitive to TO901317, we identified a LXRE in the(More)
Using two-dimensional (2D)-PAGE, partial protein internal sequencing, and PCR with degenerate primers, we cloned a novel cDNA named HEP21 from hen egg white. The 0.5-kb cDNA encodes a 106 amino acid protein with a cysteine spacing pattern suggesting that HEP21 is a new member of the uPAR/CD59/Ly-6/ snake neurotoxin superfamily. The closest homology of HEP21(More)