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Integrating and conjugative elements (ICEs) are one of the three principal types of self-transmissible mobile genetic elements in bacteria. ICEs, like plasmids, transfer via conjugation; but unlike plasmids and similar to many phages, these elements integrate into and replicate along with the host chromosome. Members of the SXT/R391 family of ICEs have been(More)
A collection of about 200 actinomycete strains was screened for the ability to grow on fragmented Phytophthora mycelium and to produce metabolites that inhibit Phytophthora growth. Thirteen strains were selected, and all produced (beta)-1,3-, (beta)-1,4-, and (beta)-1,6-glucanases. These enzymes could hydrolyze glucans from Phytophthora cell walls and cause(More)
Early in its differentiative pathway, a given B lymphocyte expresses immunoglobulin of the mu heavy chain class (IgM). Subsequent differentiative processes may involve rearrangement within the immunoglobulin heavy chain chromosomal locus to enable cells of the same lineage to synthesize immunoglobulins of other heavy chain classes (e. g. IgG, IgE or IgA),(More)
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