C. Demerlé-Pallardy

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Glutamate excitotoxicity, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial dysfunctions are common features leading to neuronal death in cerebral ischemia, traumatic brain injury, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, Alzheimer's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Nitric oxide (NO) alone or in cooperation with superoxide anion and peroxynitrite is emerging(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) act independently as well as cooperatively to induce neuronal death in acute neurological disorders. Inhibition of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and inhibition of lipid peroxidation induced by ROS have both been proposed as neuroprotective strategies in stroke and trauma. Recently, in our(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that measurement of peripheral type benzodiazepine binding sites (PTBBS) levels may be useful as an index for quantification of neuronal damage. In the present study, we investigated the accuracy of this index as a marker of neuronal damage induced by transient forebrain ischemia in the rat (4-vessel occlusion model). Seven(More)
BN 80933, a dual inhibitor of neuronal nitric oxide synthase and lipid peroxidation, prevents in vivo brain ischemic/reperfusion injury. In the present study, BN 80933 was shown to protect neurons from hypoxia-induced cell death in primary cultures of cortical neurons. BN 80933 prevented lactate dehydrogenase activity elevation induced by hypoxia,(More)
L-glutamate, N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), kainate, quisqualate and sodium nitroprusside increased cyclic GMP (cGMP) level on rat whole brain cell culture. The accumulation of cGMP evoked by L-glutamate was inhibited by a NMDA antagonist MK-801, an inhibitor of guanylate cyclase methylene blue and two nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitors(More)
In the central nervous system, several cellular types are able to produce nitric oxide (NO). In particular in neuronal cells, the excitatory amino-acid receptor activation induces NO synthesis and release. Since excessive activation of these receptors is responsible of neuronal death in excitotoxicity or cerebral ischemia, the hypothesis of a NO role in(More)
In primary rat cortical glial cell cultures lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced a dose- and time-dependent increase of intracellular cyclic GMP concentration associated with a release of nitrite. The LPS-induced cyclic GMP and nitrite increase was enhanced by interferon-gamma and was prevented by L-NG-nitroarginine, dexamethasone and cycloheximide. Thus(More)
Formation of the lipid peroxidation product 8-epi-prostaglandin2alpha (8-epi-PGF2alpha) a bioactive marker of oxidative stress, was quantified in in vitro and in vivo models of neuronal death. In culture media of primary rat cortical neurones exposed to hypoxia followed by reoxygenation, a 3.7-fold increase of 8-epi-PGF2alpha concentration was observed in(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a free radical molecule which has been described to play a role as a messenger molecule in at least three systems: white blood cells, blood vessels and most recently in the nervous system. In the brain, NO is produced enzymatically in postsynaptic structures in response to activation of excitatory amino acid receptors. A major action of(More)
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