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In Drosophila, Engrailed is a nuclear regulatory protein with essential roles in embryonic segmentation and in normal development of posterior compartments. One of its regulatory targets appears to be polyhomeotic (ph), a Polycomb group gene. We observed, by immunostaining, that Engrailed protein binds to the site of the polyhomeotic locus in region 2D of(More)
The papillomavirus E2 protein plays a central role in the viral life cycle as it regulates both transcription and replication of the viral genome. In this study, we showed that transient expression of bovine papillomavirus type 1 or human papillomavirus type 18 (HPV18) E2 proteins in HeLa cells activated the transcriptional activity of p53 through at least(More)
Cervical carcinomas are most frequently associated with human papillomaviruses (HPV), whose E6 and E7 oncogenes products induce cellular immortalization. The papillomavirus E2 protein is a transcription factor, which represses the expression of the viral oncogenes, and activates viral DNA replication during the vegetative viral cycle. This protein is(More)
Hallmarks of HPV infection include a restricted tropism for human epithelial cells and a viral life cycle tightly linked to the differentiation program of the host keratinocyte. This particular viral cycle has hampered the study of the HPV vegetative life cycle for decades, due to the lack of suitable in-vitro culture conditions. The tissue and(More)
More than 90% of cervical carcinomas are associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. The two viral oncogenes E6 and E7 play a major role in transforming the cells by disrupting p53- and pRb-dependent cell cycle checkpoints. A hallmark of HPV-associated cervical carcinoma is loss of the expression of the viral E2 protein, often by disruption of(More)
We have characterized Xenopus ISWI, a catalytic subunit of a family of chromatin-remodeling complexes. We show that ISWI is expressed constitutively during development but poorly expressed in adult tissues except oocytes which contain a large store of maternal protein. We further analyzed its localization both in vivo and in vitro in Xenopus cell cycle(More)
The self-activation of initiator caspases is dependent on their oligomerization driven by interaction with the death fold domains (DFD) of adaptor proteins. Here, we show that the E2 protein of human papillomavirus type 18 triggers apoptosis by assembling cytoplasmic filaments together with caspase 8, in which its efficient self-activation occurs. The E2(More)
Organization of DNA into chromatin is likely to participate in the control of the timing and selection of DNA replication origins. Reorganization of the chromatin is carried out by chromatin remodelling machines, which may affect the choice of replication origins and efficiency of replication. Replication itself causes a profound rearrangement in the(More)
Human Papillomaviruses (HPV) cause widespread infections in humans, resulting in latent infections or diseases ranging from benign hyperplasia to cancers. HPV-induced pathologies result from complex interplays between viral proteins and the host proteome. Given the major public health concern due to HPV-associated cancers, most studies have focused on the(More)
Transcription of the human papillomavirus type 18 (HPV18) E6 and E7 oncogenes is repressed by the viral E2 protein. In C33 cells, we have previously shown that of the four E2 binding sites (E2 BS) present in the HPV18 long control region (LCR), only the binding site adjacent to the TATA box (E2 BS 1) was involved in E2-mediated repression. In the present(More)