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Microstructural change associated with cortical bone remodeling has been extensively explored with 2D techniques. However, relatively little is known regarding the 3D dynamic microstructure of cortical bone. Therefore, we employed micro-CT imaging to investigate 3D remodeling-related change in the structure of cortical bone porosity across the human(More)
Complete cross-sections from the femoral midshaft of 180 individuals of known height and weight, aged 21-97 y, from a modern Australian population were examined using automatic video image analysis to quantify total subperiosteal porosity (TSPP). More specifically, the aim was to investigate whether age changes were similar in both sexes in (1) total(More)
Collagen fiber orientation is one aspect of the microstructure of bone that influences its mechanical properties. While the spatial distribution of preferentially oriented collagen is hypothesized to reflect the effects of loading during the process of aging, its variability in a modern human sample is essentially unknown. In a large sample (n = 67) of(More)
In recent years there has been growing interest in the spatial properties of osteocytes (including density and morphology) and how these potentially relate to adaptation, disease and aging. This interest has, in part, arisen from the availability of increasingly high-resolution 3D imaging modalities such as synchrotron radiation (SR) micro-CT. As resolution(More)
One of several microstructural variables known to affect the mechanical properties of bone is the degree of mineralization of bone matrix. The aim of this study was to examine mineralization density, and its variability with age and sex, from a biomechanical perspective. Histological sections, prepared from mid-shaft femora obtained at autopsy from 40(More)
BACKGROUND Hip fracture risk rises 100 to 1000-fold over 60 years of ageing. Loss of resistance to bending is not a major feature of normal ageing of the femoral neck. Another cause of fragility is local buckling or elastic instability. Bones adapt to their local experience of mechanical loading. The suggestion that bipedalism allows thinning of the(More)
BACKGROUND The Global Program to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis aims to interrupt transmission of lymphatic filariasis and manage morbidity in people currently living with the disease. A component of morbidity management is improving health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients. Measurement of HRQoL in current management programs is varied because of(More)
Modern lifestyle changes may result in site-specific alterations in the skeleton. Our aim was to determine sex and age differences in regional geometry at the mid-femur. Complete cross sections from 113 individuals aged 20-97 years from a modern Australian population were obtained. A further subsample of 24, in whom the precise orientation of specimens was(More)
Age-related bone loss and postmenopausal osteoporosis are due to a dysregulation of bone remodelling in which less bone is reformed than resorbed. This dysregulation of bone remodelling does not occur with equal strength in all bone regions. Loss of bone is more pronounced near the endocortical surface. This leads to thinning of the cortical wall proceeding(More)
We introduce the Cohesive Energy Density (CED) method, a multiple sampling Molecular Dynamics computer simulation procedure that may offer higher consistency in the estimation of Hildebrand and Hansen solubility parameters. The use of a multiple sampling technique, combined with a simple but consistent molecular force field and quantum mechanically(More)