Learn More
The role of brain amines in mediating the effects of the wake-promoting agent modafinil, used in the treatment of sleepiness associated with narcolepsy is still uncertain. Therefore we studied the effects of modafinil on extracellular serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA) and noradrenaline (NA), in rat prefrontal cortex and in the medial hypothalamus area.(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Plastid NADP-dependent malate dehydrogenase (MDH) catalyses the conversion of oxaloacetate to malate. In C4 plants, it is involved in photosynthetic carbon assimilation. In Poaceae, one NADP-MDH gene has been identified in rice (C3; Erhartoideae) and maize (C4; Panicoideae), whereas two tandemly repeated genes have been identified in(More)
Tabernanthine, an indol alkaloid, is structurally related to carbolines (harmane, harmaline) which, in vitro, displace specific flunitrazepam binding to brain benzodiazepine receptors. In vivo, both tabernanthine and carbolines cause a fine general tremor, suggesting that a possible interaction with benzodiazepine receptors could be involved in the activity(More)
Among food proteins, alpha-lactalbumin (LAC) has the highest ratio of tryptophan (Trp) over its competitor amino acids. Consequently, contrary to casein (CAS), LAC ingestion increases Trp access to the brain leading to enhanced serotonin (5-HT) synthesis. As an index of serotonergic activity, we assessed extracellular 5-HT in response to LAC ingestion,(More)
This study has determined in rats the ontogenetic schedule of the onset of pituitary prolactin (PRL) synthesis and release as well as of the establishment of the dopamine (DA) inhibitory control of PRL secretion. RIA recognized PRL traces in the pituitary at the 18th embryonic day (E18), although a clearly detectable amount of this hormone was first(More)
To evaluate the relationship between the development of obesity, nervous system activity, and insulin secretion and action, we tested the effect of a 2-mo high-fat diet in rats (HF rats) on glucose tolerance, glucose-induced insulin secretion (GIIS), and glucose turnover rate compared with chow-fed rats (C rats). Moreover, we measured pancreatic and hepatic(More)
Serotonin and insulin are key regulators of homeostatic mechanisms in the hypothalamus. However, in type 2 diabetes, the hypothalamic responsiveness to serotonin is not clearly established. We used a diabetic model, the Goto Kakizaki (GK) rats, to explore insulin receptor expression, insulin and serotonin efficiency in the hypothalamus and liver by means of(More)
Obesity-related diseases such as diabetes and dyslipidemia result from metabolic alterations including the defective conversion, storage and utilization of nutrients, but the central mechanisms that regulate this process of nutrient partitioning remain elusive. As positive regulators of feeding behaviour, agouti-related protein (AgRP) producing neurons are(More)
OBJECTIVE Recently, an activation of the endocannabinoid system during obesity has been reported. More particularly, it has been demonstrated that hypothalamic levels of both endocannabinoids, 2-arachidonoylglycerol and anandamide (N-arachidonoylethanolamine), are up-regulated in genetically obese rodents. Circulating levels of both endocannabinoids were(More)
Dexfenfluramine (d-FF) and opiate agonists both act on food intake but in opposite ways. Serotonin is known to be involved in the pharmacological action of both d-FF and opiates, but not necessarily in the feeding effect of the latter. In order to test this hypothesis, the effects of three opioid agonists, beta-endorphin, dynorphin and D-Ser2-Leu-Enk-Thr6(More)