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The role of brain amines in mediating the effects of the wake-promoting agent modafinil, used in the treatment of sleepiness associated with narcolepsy is still uncertain. Therefore we studied the effects of modafinil on extracellular serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA) and noradrenaline (NA), in rat prefrontal cortex and in the medial hypothalamus area.(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Plastid NADP-dependent malate dehydrogenase (MDH) catalyses the conversion of oxaloacetate to malate. In C4 plants, it is involved in photosynthetic carbon assimilation. In Poaceae, one NADP-MDH gene has been identified in rice (C3; Erhartoideae) and maize (C4; Panicoideae), whereas two tandemly repeated genes have been identified in(More)
Tabernanthine, an indol alkaloid, is structurally related to carbolines (harmane, harmaline) which, in vitro, displace specific flunitrazepam binding to brain benzodiazepine receptors. In vivo, both tabernanthine and carbolines cause a fine general tremor, suggesting that a possible interaction with benzodiazepine receptors could be involved in the activity(More)
Serotonin and insulin are key regulators of homeostatic mechanisms in the hypothalamus. However, in type 2 diabetes, the hypothalamic responsiveness to serotonin is not clearly established. We used a diabetic model, the Goto Kakizaki (GK) rats, to explore insulin receptor expression, insulin and serotonin efficiency in the hypothalamus and liver by means of(More)
Among food proteins, alpha-lactalbumin (LAC) has the highest ratio of tryptophan (Trp) over its competitor amino acids. Consequently, contrary to casein (CAS), LAC ingestion increases Trp access to the brain leading to enhanced serotonin (5-HT) synthesis. As an index of serotonergic activity, we assessed extracellular 5-HT in response to LAC ingestion,(More)
Obesity-related diseases such as diabetes and dyslipidemia result from metabolic alterations including the defective conversion, storage and utilization of nutrients, but the central mechanisms that regulate this process of nutrient partitioning remain elusive. As positive regulators of feeding behaviour, agouti-related protein (AgRP) producing neurons are(More)
To evaluate the relationship between the development of obesity, nervous system activity, and insulin secretion and action, we tested the effect of a 2-mo high-fat diet in rats (HF rats) on glucose tolerance, glucose-induced insulin secretion (GIIS), and glucose turnover rate compared with chow-fed rats (C rats). Moreover, we measured pancreatic and hepatic(More)
In a recent microdialysis study in freely-behaving rats, we observed changes in immunoreactive insulin (IRI) in hypothalamic dialysates after a meal of standard laboratory chow. These changes did not always parallel plasma insulin variations, suggesting a partial independence from peripheral insulin. In the present study, we have attempted to assess the(More)
The relationship between the acute effects of FMRF-amide on central monoamines and feeding effects were investigated simultaneously in normophagic and "cafeteria" rats. This tetrapeptide is considered as being representative of an endogenous related peptides family with antagonistic properties on opioid-induced behavioural effects. In normophagic rats, no(More)
1. Hypothalamic insulin (HI) is well known for its role in feeding regulation. In addition, its concentration is modified in response to meals. Recent studies suggest that brain insulin participates in memory processes, possibly through stimulation by glucose. 2. The present microdialysis study focused on local in vivo regulation of HI by glucose and on the(More)