C. D. V. Rouch

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The role of brain amines in mediating the effects of the wake-promoting agent modafinil, used in the treatment of sleepiness associated with narcolepsy is still uncertain. Therefore we studied the effects of modafinil on extracellular serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA) and noradrenaline (NA), in rat prefrontal cortex and in the medial hypothalamus area.(More)
Among food proteins, alpha-lactalbumin (LAC) has the highest ratio of tryptophan (Trp) over its competitor amino acids. Consequently, contrary to casein (CAS), LAC ingestion increases Trp access to the brain leading to enhanced serotonin (5-HT) synthesis. As an index of serotonergic activity, we assessed extracellular 5-HT in response to LAC ingestion,(More)
The presence of insulin in the brain and its anorectic effect when centrally infused are well-established today. The question of physiological and dynamic changes in brain insulin in relation to meals is still unanswered and addressed here. Immunoreactive insulin (IRI) was measured using a sensitized RIA in 30-min microdialysates from VMH and PVN nuclei(More)
In previous experiments, we reported a close parallelism in the responses of both serotonin (5-HT) and insulin in the hypothalamic PVN-VMH region of freely-moving rats during feeding. Thus, hypothalamic 5-HT and insulin may participate, independently or in interaction, in the control of carbohydrate and fat ingestion. The precedence of the activation of one(More)
In a recent microdialysis study in freely-behaving rats, we observed changes in immunoreactive insulin (IRI) in hypothalamic dialysates after a meal of standard laboratory chow. These changes did not always parallel plasma insulin variations, suggesting a partial independence from peripheral insulin. In the present study, we have attempted to assess the(More)
Lean and genetically obese Zucker rats were implanted with permanent intravenous catheters and a guide cannula was aimed at the region of the ventromedial (VMH) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei to measure immunoreactive insulin collected by means of microdialysis. Preliminary experiments assessed the validity of a novel assay of insulin in microdialysates(More)
In response to a chow meal in rats, we observed previously in PVN-VMH dialysates, an increase in serotonin (5-HT) that could be related to satiety or to metabolic consequences of the composition of the meal. Indeed, carbohydrates are admitted to increase 5-HT synthesis while proteins decrease it, but the time course and mechanisms of these effects were not(More)
Using microdialysis, we showed recently that hypothalamic immuno-reactive insulin (IRI) levels increased after a meal of chow and decreased in response to a fat meal. In the present study, we have compared extracellular hypothalamic and extrahypothalamic basal IRI levels and investigated the effect of meals composed exclusively of either carbohydrates (85%(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Plastid NADP-dependent malate dehydrogenase (MDH) catalyses the conversion of oxaloacetate to malate. In C4 plants, it is involved in photosynthetic carbon assimilation. In Poaceae, one NADP-MDH gene has been identified in rice (C3; Erhartoideae) and maize (C4; Panicoideae), whereas two tandemly repeated genes have been identified in(More)
This study has determined in rats the ontogenetic schedule of the onset of pituitary prolactin (PRL) synthesis and release as well as of the establishment of the dopamine (DA) inhibitory control of PRL secretion. RIA recognized PRL traces in the pituitary at the 18th embryonic day (E18), although a clearly detectable amount of this hormone was first(More)