C D Turnbull

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The Montgomery-Asberg Depression Scale was evaluated in 44 depressed inpatients. All items of the scale occurred frequently in the sample; the scale exhibited construct validity (internal homogeneity) and concurrent validity relative to the Hamilton Depression Scale and the concepts of endogenous and nonendogenous depression. Sleep disturbance, reduced(More)
Five scales were evaluated for the diagnosis of melancholia or endogenous depression. Of 21 total items, none appeared in all five scales, but four items occurred in four of the scales: autonomy of mood, prevasive anhedonia, psychomotor change, and guilt. Vegetative changes were represented inconsistently, with anorexia and weight loss in three scales, as(More)
Retrospective comparisons between primary unipolar depression and depression secondary to anxiety in 65 inpatients revealed a number of differences. Secondary depression was associated with a significantly higher incidence of neurotic traits in childhood, chronic unhappiness, and unsupportive family. Tricyclic antidepressants and ECT were both more(More)
The diagnostic importance of vegetative symptoms for melancholia was examined through DSM-III, the Newcastle Scale, and Extracted Criteria for melancholia. Statistically significant differences were diagnostically unimpressive in the case of DSM-III and the Newcastle criteria. With the Extracted Criteria, initial insomnia, early waking, anorexia, weight(More)
Phenelzine and imipramine were compared double-blind, in 43 depressed inpatients. A placebo week preceded drug treatment; this allowed early identification of placebo responders who did not therefore enter the study. After three weeks treatment, the two drugs were equally effective on Hamilton, Beck and SCL-90 measures of depression and anxiety. On the the(More)
In a fixed-dose inpatient study, isocarboxazid produced a dose-related lowering of systolic blood pressure at weeks 2 and 4. Systolic blood pressure was also lowered by the drug in a placebo-controlled outpatient study. The magnitude of these reductions was considerable, reaching an average of 14.6 mm in inpatients who received a 50-mg dose, and 18.7 mm in(More)
The newcastle Endogenous Depression Diagnostic Index of Carney et al. was studied for reliability and validity. Good inter-rater reliability was obtained for diagnostic category and for item scores in 36 patients. The scale showed construct validity with reference to the Hamilton and Montgomery-Asberg rating scales. Concurrent validity was shown relative to(More)
In a pilot study, 32 patients with mixed states of anxiety, depression, somatization and panic received amitriptyline for 4 weeks, the dose ranging from 50 to 300 mg/day. Steady-state plasma levels of the drug and activity of platelet monoamine oxidase were measured after 4 weeks. Clinical change was rated, using the SCL-90. Amitriptyline produced a small(More)
Red blood cell catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) activity was compared across different depressive diagnoses. In a sample of 88 depressed inpatients, using defined criteria, no difference was found in respect of enzyme activity and the following categories: primary, secondary, delusional, nondelusional, endogenous, nonendogenous (neurotic),(More)
An attempt was made to compare platelet monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity in descriptively based types of nonbipolar depression. Platelet MAO activity was significantly higher in depression secondary to chronic anxiety, compared with primary unipolar depression and depression secondary to borderline personality, and in women compared with men. No significant(More)
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