C. D. Spataru

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Many-electron effects often dramatically modify the properties of reduced dimensional systems. We report calculations, based on an ab initio many-electron Green's function approach, of electron-hole interaction effects on the optical spectra of small-diameter single-walled carbon nanotubes. Excitonic effects qualitatively alter the optical spectra of both(More)
We extend previous ab initio calculations on excitonic effects in metallic single-walled carbon nanotubes to more experimentally realizable larger diameter tubes. Our calculations predict bound exciton states in both the (10,10) and (12,0) tubes with binding energies of approximately 50 meV providing experimentally verifiable changes to the absorption line(More)
Recent developments in ab initio studies of the nonlinear electron transport and optical properties of nanostructures are discussed. As examples of applications, results are presented for carbon atomic wires and single-walled carbon nanotubes. For the carbon atomic wires, strong nonlinearities in the I–V characteristics and conductance are obtained, and the(More)
We present a theoretical analysis and first-principles calculation of the radiative lifetime of excitons in semiconducting carbon nanotubes. An intrinsic lifetime of the order of 10 ps is computed for the lowest optically active bright excitons. The intrinsic lifetime is, however, a rapid increasing function of the exciton momentum. Moreover, the electronic(More)
The temperature dependence of the band gap of semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) is calculated by direct evaluation of electron-phonon couplings within a "frozen-phonon" scheme. An interesting diameter and chirality dependence of E(g)(T) is obtained, including nonmonotonic behavior for certain tubes and distinct "family" behavior. These(More)
Doping of semiconductors is essential in modern electronic and photonic devices. While doping is well understood in bulk semiconductors, the advent of carbon nanotubes and nanowires for nanoelectronic and nanophotonic applications raises some key questions about the role and impact of doping at low dimensionality. Here we show that for semiconducting carbon(More)
We used simulations with a classical force field to study the transformation under hydrostatic pressure of isolated single-walled nanotubes (SWNT) from a circular to a collapsed cross section. Small-diameter SWNTs deform continuously under pressure, whereas larger-diameter SWNTs display hysteresis and undergo a first-order-like transformation. The different(More)
We present first-principles calculations of the linewidths of low-energy quasiparticles in n-doped graphene arising from both the electron-electron and the electron-phonon interactions. The contribution to the electron linewidth arising from the electron-electron interactions varies significantly with wave vector at fixed energy; in contrast, the(More)
DOI: 10.1002/adma.201501078 creating a new pathway for charge transfer. Using this “Guest@ MOF” concept we recently demonstrated that the electrical conductivity of the MOF Cu 3 (BTC) 2 (BTC = benzene tricarboxylate), commonly known as HKUST-1, can be increased by >7 orders of magnitude with the introduction of the guest molecule TCNQ(More)
The nature and extent of electronic screening at heterointerfaces and their consequences on energy level alignment are of profound importance in numerous applications, such as solar cells, electronics etc. The increasing availability of two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) brings additional opportunities for them to be used as(More)