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We report the presence of excitatory and inhibitory spontaneous and evoked synaptic currents in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) in the rat upon vagal and perivagal stimulation. Whole cell current-clamp recordings from anatomically identified DMV neurons in rat brain stem slices show that these neurons are capable of sustained slow-frequency(More)
Our purpose was to determine the central vagal sites for regulating changes in lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure in the cat. Injection of the retrograde tracer, horseradish peroxidase, into the LES resulted in labeling of cells in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV), with the largest number of cells appearing in two areas, one area rostral(More)
1. Activity was recorded from abdominal (expiratory) and phrenic (inspiratory) nerves during natural vestibular stimulation in multiple vertical planes and the horizontal plane in decerebrate cats. Vestibular stimulation was produced by rotating the head in animals whose upper cervical dorsal roots were transected to remove inputs from neck receptors; the(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether selective activation of vestibular receptors produces changes in blood pressure. Blood pressure was recorded during trapezoidal head rotations in cats with extensive denervations to eliminate nonlabyrinthine inputs that could be produced by the movements. Large (50 degrees) nose-up trapezoidal head(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine if selective activation of vestibular receptors during movement produces changes in hypoglossal nerve activity. Responses were recorded from the hypoglossal nerves during trapezoidal and sinusoidal head rotations in cats with extensive denervations to eliminate non-labyrinthine inputs that could be produced(More)
In the present study, we have applied antiserum to thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) and avidin-biotin immunocytochemistry to determine the distribution of TRH-like immunoreactivity in the vagal nuclei of the cat. A dense network of TRH-immunoreactive (TRH-IR) fibers and terminals is noted in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) from 0 to 2.5 mm(More)
The nucleus raphe obscurus (NRO) has recently emerged as an important nucleus for excitation of gastric motor activity through projections to the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) [P. J. Hornby, C. D. Rossiter, R. L. White, W. P. Norman, D. H. Kuhn, and R. A. Gillis. Am. J. Physiol. 258 (Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 21): G91-G96, 1990; and M. J.(More)
Recordings were made from nerves innervating ventral lumbar paravertebral muscles (quadratus lumborum) during natural vestibular stimulation in vertical planes. The best direction of vestibular stimulation for producing an increase in nerve activity was near nose-up pitch in two-thirds of the animals, but was near nose-down pitch in the others. The response(More)
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) is clearly implicated in the control of gastric function via interactions in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) of the cat. The source of the TRH innervation of the DMV is important to determine because this region could be of importance in control of gastric function. TRH-immunoreactive (ir) neurons are located(More)
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