C Coughanowr

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The incineration of municipal solid waste (MSW) results in the annual production of 2.7 million tons of bottom ash in France. Utilisation of bottom ash in road construction is encouraged in France but strictly regulated. Because the incinerator residues contain enriched concentrations of metals and salts, particular attention must be focused on the(More)
France incinerates about 40% of its municipal solid waste (MSW), producing 2.7 million tons of bottom ash annually. Utilisation of bottom ash (BA) is encouraged in France but strictly regulated. Only bottom ash meeting specific criteria and produced in accordance with a quality assurance plan can be used in roadbeds and embankments. In order to evaluate the(More)
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