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Thiopental was used in long-term infusion (3-4.5 mg . kg-1 . h-1 during 4-8 days) to protect the brain from injury following trauma. Thiopental plasma concentrations were measured during infusion (48 patients) and after infusion (14 patients) to determine the kinetics of the drug in continuous infusion. All mean values were mean +/- SD. Steady state(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the efficacy of aprotinin (APR) and tranexamic acid (TRA) in reducing blood loss and transfusion requirements after cardiac surgery under extracorporeal circulation (ECC). STUDY DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. PATIENTS One hundred and four adults undergoing either coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (n = 55), or aortic valve(More)
A case is reported of irreversible damage being caused to a permanent programmable pacemaker by electrocautery used in the epigastric region. The pacemaker was rapidly replaced, and the patient had no adverse effects of this accident. The use of monopolar electrocautery in patients who have one of the new generation of programmable pacemakers is very(More)
INTRODUCTION We hypothesized that the optimization of renal haemodynamics by maintaining a high level of mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) could reduce the rate of acute kidney injury (AKI) in high-risk patients. METHODS In this randomized, controlled study, we enrolled 300 patients scheduled for elective cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the hypothesis that magnesium sulphate (SO4Mg), usually administered for protecting the myocardium and decreasing the rate of arrhythmias in cardiac surgery, was able to control the hypertensive peaks occurring during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), as efficiently as nicardipine (N). STUDY DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. PATIENTS(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the frequency and severity of airway compression due to congenital heart disease in children and validate the use of the fiberoptic bronchoscope to assess them. DESIGN A retrospective study. SETTING A single-institutional study in a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS Seventy-two children with congenital heart disease. (More)
Histamine and tryptase, released during anaphylactoid reactions in anaesthesia, can be measured out by radioimmunoassay, provided that their own pharmacokinetic is respected. For two years, we have used sample kits in order to realize the measuring out of these mediators. The aim of this study was to evaluate the interest of these mediators within(More)
The analgesic efficiency of Propacetamol and Acid Niflumique for post-operative pain in the recovery room, was studied in two groups of 27 patients who had undergone stripping. Pain scores recorded were obtained with the pain ruler during two hours after intravenous injection of Propacetamol (30 mg/kg-1). The analgesic efficiency of Propacetamol is always(More)
The authors present two cases of aortic arch replacement for aortic dissection: one in a male patient 58 years old and the other in a female patient 78 years old. Cerebral protection during repair of the aortic arch was performed with retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP). Durations of RCP were 75 and 120 minutes respectively. Good neurological recovery in(More)