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RATIONALE Recent studies indicate that sex and rodent strain are determinants of sensitivity to opioid-induced antinociception. OBJECTIVES The present study examined the influence of sex and rat strain on kappa opioid-induced antinociception using a series of kappa opioids that vary in their relative effectiveness. METHODS In a warm-water (50, 52 and(More)
The present study examined the influence of sex on the antinociceptive effects of (-)-pentazocine, morphine and spiradoline in four rat strains, using a warm-water (50, 52 and 55 degrees C) tail-withdrawal procedure. In F344, Lewis, Sprague-Dawley (SD) and Wistar rats, baseline latencies decreased with increases in water temperature, and at each water(More)
Injection of Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) into the hindpaw produces inflammation and alterations in nociceptive sensitivity. The present study was designed to compare the effects of CFA injection into the dorsal and plantar surfaces of the hindpaw on nociceptive sensitivity of the hindpaw to mechanical pressure, warm-water and a hotplate stimulus in(More)
AIMS The issues explored in this study were whether a patient group of problem drinkers selectively attend to alcohol-related stimuli and the time course of any interference from alcohol-related stimuli in comparison with two control groups of non-problem drinkers. DESIGN A 3 x 2 x 2 x 5 factorial design was used. Drinking group (low, high and problem)(More)
Despite oxycodone's (4,5-epoxy-14-hydroxy-3-methoxy-17-methylmorphinan-6-one) history of clinical use and the attention it has received as a drug of abuse, few reports have documented its pharmacology's relevance to its abuse or its mechanism of action. The purposes of the present study were to further characterize the analgesic effects of oxycodone, its(More)
RATIONALE The purpose of the present investigation was to evaluate the effects of the D3 agonist (+/-)-7-hydroxy-dipropylaminotetralin (7-OH-DPAT), various dopamine (DA) agonists and DA antagonists on the antinociceptive effects of mu opioids. METHODS Antinociception was assessed using a warm-water tail-withdrawal procedure in rats. RESULTS The mu(More)
RATIONALE The dopamine (DA) D3/2 agonist 7-OH-DPAT attenuates the acute antinociceptive, discriminative stimulus, locomotor activating, and reinforcing effects of mu agonists (for example, morphine). OBJECTIVES To examine the ability of 7-OH-DPAT to modulate the development of morphine tolerance and physical dependence in the rat. METHODS Morphine(More)
The present study was designed to examine sex differences in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced mechanical hyperalgesia and sex differences in opioid antinociception and anti-hyperalgesia. Female rats developed inflammation and hyperalgesia faster and exhibited greater peak hyperalgesia than male rats. In arthritic (CFA-treated) rats, lower thresholds(More)
Morphine produces robust increases in locomotor activity in mice. Recent data indicate that dopamine (DA) D2/3 agonists attenuate the discriminative stimulus and antinociceptive effects of mu opioid agonists such as morphine. The present study was designed to determine the extent to which D2/3 receptor activation and blockade can modulate morphine-induced(More)
Membrane vesicles (ghosts) containing ascorbic acid were prepared from bovine chromaffin granules. When ferricyanide or ferricytochrome c were added to the external medium, a membrane potential (interior positive) developed across the ghost membrane. This membrane potential could not be elicited from ascorbate-free ghosts or by ferrocyanide added instead of(More)