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The protective effect of selected vaginal Lactobacillus strains (L. brevis CD2, L. salivarius FV2, L. plantarum FV9) towards herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection in vitro has been analyzed. Living bacterial cells affect different steps of virus multiplication. The effect on the early phases of virus infection appeared related to the bacterial(More)
Lactose-negative Escherichia coli strains were isolated at high frequency from children with diarrhea in Somalia during a 2-year study on diarrheal diseases. Sixty-four of these strains, considered to be a representative sample, were characterized for virulence factors, plasmid profiles, and antibiotic resistance. Of these strains, 5 were recognized as(More)
The aim of this study was to assess whether clinical work constitutes a risk factor for Helicobacter pylori infection among employees in hospitals. The prevalence of H. pylori infection was analysed in 249 individuals employed in a university teaching hospital according to three categories of hospital workers: (A) personnel from gastrointestinal endoscopy(More)
The ability of enteroinvasive Escherichia coli and Shigella flexneri to cause disease depends on the presence of a large virulence plasmid (pINV). In this report we show that pHN280, the pINV of the O135:K-:H- enteroivasive strain E. coli HN280, and pWR100, the pINV of S. flexneri serotype 5 strain M90T, are able to integrate into a specific site on the(More)
A microassay was developed to detect human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) binding to its cellular receptor using flow cytometry. Comparable results were obtained either by using HHV-6 preparations conjugated with fluorescein isothiocyanate or by indirect immunofluorescent labeling of membrane-bound virus using as primary antibody a monoclonal antibody specific for(More)
This paper describes the inhibitory effect of a normal rat brain solubilized membrane preparation (RBSM-liposomes) on rabies virus infection. Rabies virus was incubated with RBSM-liposomes or their separated components (proteins, phospholipids, gangliosides) before infection of CER or neuroblastoma cells. In addition, both RBSM-liposomes and target cells(More)
Synthetic flavans, isoflavans and isoflavenes substituted with chloro, cyano and amidino groups were tested for their in vitro activity against poliovirus type 2, Coxsackie virus B4, echovirus type 6 and enterovirus 71. Plaque-reduction assays showed that substituted 3-(2H)-isoflavenes, carrying a double bond in the oxygenated ring, possess antiviral(More)
Goose erythrocyte membranes were isolated and tested for their ability to compete with red cell receptors for vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) attachment and fusion at acidic pH. Crude membranes, solubilized with Triton X-100, Tween 80 and octyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside, showed a dose-dependent inhibitory effect on virus binding and haemolysis. The chemical(More)
The in vitro antiviral activity against picornaviruses (rhinovirus serotype 1B and 14, and poliovirus type 2) of new synthetic 3-hydroxyflavones, 3-acetoxyflavones, and substituted cinnamic and benzoic acid flavon-3-yl esters was evaluated. The maximum non-toxic concentration of compounds was determined in a human cell line (HeLa) suitable for the(More)
The effect of concanavalin A on rabies virus infection of CER cells was investigated. Pretreatment of CER cells with concanavalin A inhibited cellular susceptibility to rabies virus infection. The lectin also was found to be inhibitory when applied after the viral binding step. Moreover, the lectin had a direct inhibitory effect on the infectivity of the(More)