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A finite element analysis was carried out to study the roles of posts in reducing dentin stress in pulpless teeth. Two-dimensional plane strain models of the midlabiolingual section of a human maxillary central incisor were first analyzed. The results showed that the gold alloy post reduced maximal dentin stress by as much as 30%. However, the integrity of(More)
Three-dimensional imaging of dental tissues will have a major impact in dentistry if the images are accurate. The purpose of this study was to measure the accuracy and precision of a system for creating three-dimensional images of dental arches. Using vinyl polysiloxane impression materials and improved dental stone, we made 10 stone casts of a "dental"(More)
Registration of coronary arterial images taken at different times is very important for obtaining better visibility of differences between sequential images. A typical image registration algorithm often employs a similarity measure to detect the differences generated from the relative motion or gray level changes between these images. Although a number of(More)
OBJECTIVES The silicone elastomer A-2186 is a widely used maxillofacial prosthetic material. It is a pourable two-component silicone rubber cured by a platinum catalyst. Used as a prosthetic material, A-2186 has short working time and because of its hydrophobic nature, poor adhesion to non-silicone based adhesives. The purpose of this study is to evaluate(More)
Information is scarce about Young's modulus of healing bone surrounding an implant. The purpose of this preliminary study is to quantify elastic properties of pig alveolar bone that has healed for 1 month around titanium threaded dental implants, using the nanoindentation method. Two 2-year-old Sinclair miniswine were used for the study. Nanoindentation(More)
The use of an mesial-occlusal-distal (MOD) restoration in repairing a large carious lesion depends on many factors. Biomechanical performance is one of the most important. It has been recognized that resistance to restoration failure is not solely a biological concern (e.g. toxicity), but that the cavity shape, dimensions, and the state of stress must all(More)
Many researches have addressed the high correlation between the fracture of restored teeth and the prepared cavity geometry. In addition, concerns about bonding versus debonding dental materials from cavity walls and different occlusal force conditions could also alter the mechanical responses in a restored tooth. This study employed an automatic mesh(More)
PURPOSE Future growth in dental practice lies in digital imaging enhancing many chairside procedures and functions. This revolution requires the fast, accurate, and 3D digitizing of clinical records. One such clinical record is the chairside impression. This study investigated how surface angle and surface roughness affect the digitizing of vinyl(More)
Mineral loss in early caries cannot be measured without invasive procedures. To quantify mineral loss without sectioning the tooth, one must determine the optical scattering of the enamel. Using enamel white-spot lesions, we hypothesize that the optical scattering power (Sp) of the demineralized enamel would provide a quantitative estimate of mineral loss.(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether elastic properties and apparent density of bone differ in different anatomical regions of the maxilla and mandible. Additional analyses assessed how elastic properties and apparent density were related. Four pairs of edentulous maxilla and mandibles were retrieved from fresh human cadavers. Bone samples from(More)