BACKGROUND Errors in address geocodes may affect estimates of the effects of air pollution on health. OBJECTIVE We investigated the impact of four geocoding techniques on the association between urban air pollution estimated with a fine-scale (10 m × 10 m) dispersion model and lung function in adults. METHODS We measured forced expiratory volume in 1… (More)
The tremendous development of tactile interface in many customers' applications such as Smartphone, tablet PC or touch pad leads industrials to study “haptic interfaces” or “touch screen” solutions. This technology is already used but with limitations such as high power consumption and limited feedback effect (simple vibration).… (More)
Numerous applications require tactile interfaces today. In particular, many customers' applications such as Smartphone, tablet PC or touch pad can be concerned by high performances, low voltage haptic interfaces which allow the user to interact with its environment by the sense of touch. This technology is already used but with limitations such as high… (More)
The impact of Through Silicon Via (TSV) on above BEoL dielectric reliability is studied. Time Dependent Dielectric Breakdown (TDDB) is performed on copper dual damascene combs, fabricated in a 65 nm technology node with a SiOCH low-k dielectric, and designed above 10μm diameter and 80μm thick TSVs, processed through a via-middle approach.