C. Channa Reddy

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Selenium is an essential micronutrient that suppresses the redox-sensitive transcription factor NF-kappaB-dependent pro-inflammatory gene expression. To understand the molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-inflammatory property of selenium, we examined the activity of a key kinase of the NF-kappaB cascade, IkappaB-kinase beta (IKKbeta) subunit, as a(More)
Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient for all mammalian species and is associated with a variety of physiological functions, notably immune system, in the form of selenoproteins. Inadequate Se nutrition has been linked to various diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, cardiomyopathy, and cancer. Important to this discussion is that cyclooxygenase-2(More)
The mammalian mRNA for selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase 1 (Se-GPx1) contains a UGA codon that is recognized as a codon for the nonstandard amino acid selenocysteine (Sec). Inadequate concentrations of selenium (Se) result in a decrease in Se-GPx1 mRNA abundance by an uncharacterized mechanism that may be dependent on translation, independent of(More)
Liver insufficiency and damage are major causes of death and disease worldwide and may result from exposure to environmental toxicants, specific combinations or dosages of pharmaceuticals, and microbial metabolites. The generation of reactive intermediates, in particular 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), is a common event in liver damage caused by a variety of(More)
The inducible isoform of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is implicated in atherosclerosis, malignancy, rheumatoid arthritis, tissue and reperfusion injuries. A key determinant of the pro-oxidant versus protective effects of NO is the underlying redox status of the tissue. Selenoproteins, such as glutathione peroxidases (GPxs) and thioredoxin reductases, are(More)
Leukocyte aggregation and activation on endothelial cells (EC) are important preliminary events in leukocyte migration into tissue and subsequent inflammation. Thus, an increase in leukocyte adherence has the potential to affect inflammatory disease outcome. Selenium (Se) is an integral part of the antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and(More)
Selenium (Se) is an integral part of the Se-dependent glutathione peroxidase (Se-GSH-Px) catalytic domain. By modulating the cellular levels of fatty acid hydroperoxides, Se-GSH-Px can influence key enzymes of arachidonic acid cascade, in this case cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase (LOX). To investigate this phenomenon, the effects of cellular Se status(More)
We investigated the effect of altered selenium (Se) nutrition on arachidonic acid oxidation in immune cells. Experiments were conducted with peripheral blood lymphocytes obtained from dairy cattle fed diets either supplemented with or deficient in Se. The results indicate that the concanavalin A-stimulated lymphocyte proliferation was significantly lower in(More)