C. Chávez-Olórtegui

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In the present study we report the distribution of Tityus serrulatus scorpion venom in serum and various tissues of CFI mice and the efficacy of antivenom in reducing venom concentration. The animals were injected s.c. with 10 micrograms of scorpion venom, divided into groups of four animals and killed at different times from 15 min to 24 hr. Blood samples(More)
The present report describes the identification and molecular characterization of LiD1, a protein expressed in the venom gland of the brown spider Loxosceles intermedia. LiD1 belongs to a family of proteins with dermonecrotic activity and members of this family have been found in spiders from the genus Loxosceles. The necrotic lesions caused by this group(More)
We have used the Spot method of multiple peptide synthesis to prepare sets of immobilized overlapping peptides of uniform size (15 mer), covering the complete amino acid sequences of TsNTxP a non-toxic and immunogenic protein and TsIV, an alpha-type toxin that is the major lethal component of the venom of scorpion Tityus serrulatus. Anti-TsNTxP antibodies(More)
The venom of Loxosceles intermedia was investigated for the presence of insecticidal toxins active against Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepdoptera: Noctuidade), an insect that has caused great reductions in corn production in Brazil. A combination of gel filtration (Sephadex G-100) and ion-exchange chromatography (Carboxymethyl Cellulose, CM 52) resulted in four(More)
The Loxosceles genus spiders (the brown spiders) are encountered in all the continents, and the clinical manifestations following spider bites include skin necrosis with gravitational lesion spreading and occasional systemic manifestations, such as intravascular hemolysis, thrombocytopenia and acute renal failure. Brown spider venoms are complex mixtures of(More)
Loxoscelism is a necrotic-hemolytic syndrome caused by bites of brown spiders belonging to the genus Loxosceles. Many approaches for the treatment of Loxosceles poisoning have already been proposed, among which administration of specific antivenom is thought to be the more specific. We have evaluated the use of peptides as immunogen to raise in rabbits an(More)
Venomous fish are often involved in human accidents and symptoms of envenomation include local (intense pain and swelling) and systemic effects (cardiovascular and neurological disorders). However the only commercially available antivenom is against the Indo-Pacific stonefish Synanceja trachynisStonefish Antivenom (SFAV). The aim of the present study was to(More)
Epsilon toxin (ETX) is produced by Clostridium perfringens type B and D strains and causes enterotoxemia, a highly lethal disease with major impacts on the farming of domestic ruminants, particularly sheep. ETX belongs to the aerolysin-like pore-forming toxin family. Although ETX has striking similarities to other toxins in this family, ETX is often more(More)
BACKGROUND Scorpionism is a public health problem in Brazil, and Tityus serrulatus (Ts) is primarily responsible for severe accidents. The main toxic components of Ts venom are low-molecular-weight neurotoxins; however, the venom also contains poorly characterized high-molecular-weight enzymes. Hyaluronidase is one such enzyme that has been poorly(More)
Tityus serrulatus is a Brazilian scorpion species with great medical significance. While the effects of neurotoxins have been extensively studied, little is known about the proteases expressed in the venom gland of this arthropod. In this study, clones from a T. serrulatus (Ts) venom gland cDNA library were selected according to homology to proteases. The(More)