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Endoglin, a dimeric membrane glycoprotein expressed at high levels on human vascular endothelial cells, shares regions of sequence identity with betaglycan, a major binding protein for transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) that co-exists with TGF-beta receptors I and II in a variety of cell lines but is low or absent in endothelial cells. We have(More)
Endoglin is an homodimeric membrane antigen with capacity to bind transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and whose expression is up-regulated on myeloid cells upon differentiation to macrophages. We have isolated full-length cDNA clones from a lambda gt 10 library, prepared from phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-differentiated HL60 cells by screening with(More)
About 30% of human tumours contain a mutation in one of the three ras genes leading to the production of p21ras oncoproteins that are thought to make a major contribution to the transformed phenotype of the tumour. The biochemical mode of action of the ras proteins is unknown but as they bind GTP and GDP and have an intrinsic GTPase activity, they may(More)
Endoglin is a transmembrane glycoprotein 633 residues in length expressed at the surface of endothelial cells as a disulphide-linked homodimer; the specific cysteine residues involved in endoglin dimerization are unknown. Mutations in the coding region of the endoglin gene are responsible for hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia type 1 (HHT1), a(More)
LIMP II is a glycoprotein expressed in the membrane of lysosomes and secretory granules with lysosomal properties. Sequence analysis of a CNBr-cleaved peptide allowed the synthesis of a 47-mer oligonucleotide that was used to screen a rat liver cDNA library in lambda gt11. This resulted in isolation of a 2-kilobase cDNA containing 1,434 bases encoding the(More)
A plasmid has been constructed which contains the normal human N-ras proto-oncogene under the transcriptional control of the steroid-sensitive promoter of the mouse mammary tumor virus long terminal repeat. This plasmid has been introduced into NIH-3T3 cells producing a clone of cells, T15, which is phenotypically normal in the absence of the transcription(More)
In most eukaryotic cells, a link between S and M phases of the cell cycle must be assured in order to maintain the ploidy of newly divided cells. However, in some cell l/pes, e.g. the precursors of platelets megakaryocytes, extra S-phases can occur in the absence of concomitant mitoses, resulting in polyploidy. We have used two established cell lines with(More)
We have studied the regulation and role of c-Myc and Max in the differentiation pathways induced in K562 cells by 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13 acetate (TPA) and staurosporine, an activator and inhibitor, respectively, of protein kinase C (PKC). We found that staurosporine induced megakaryocytic differentiation, as revealed by the cellular ultrastructure,(More)
Time course experiments of the localization of rat LIMP II expressed in COS cells show that the protein is transported directly from the Golgi complex to lysosomes. Substitution of the tyrosine-lacking carboxyl cytoplasmic tail of LIMP II for the native cytoplasmic tails of the plasma membrane proteins CD36 and CD8 resulted in straight transport of both(More)
Megakaryocytes become polyploid by entering a truncated cell cycle, consisting of alternate S phases and abortive mitoses. We have investigated the regulation of the G1/S transition by comparing two megakaryoblastic cell lines, HEL and K562, which respectively do or do not become polyploid in response to phorbol esters. A pronounced downregulation of cyclin(More)