C. C. M. Rindt

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A finite element approximation of steady flow in a rigid three-dimensional model of the carotid artery bifurcation is presented. A Reynolds number of 640 and a flow division ratio of about 50/50, simulating systolic flow, was used. To limit the CPU- and I/O-times needed for solving the systems of equations, a mesh-generator was developed, which gives full(More)
To obtain more insight into the complex blood flow patterns in the carotid artery bifurcation numerical analyses, limited to Newtonian incompressible flows in rigid-wall geometries, have been carried out combined with laser-Doppler velocity measurements. The steady and unsteady flow in two-dimensional models of a stenosis and of the carotid artery(More)
Axial velocities were measured in an enlarged, two-dimensional, rigid model of the carotid artery bifurcation by means of a laser-Doppler anemometer, under both steady and unsteady flow conditions. Also a numerical model was developed, based on the finite element approximation of the Navier-Stokes and continuity equations. From this study it appeared that(More)
In the present study, finite element calculations are performed of blood flow in the carotid artery bifurcation under physiological flow conditions. The numerical results are compared in detail with laser-Doppler velocity measurements carried out in a perspex model. It may be concluded that the numerical model as presented here is well capable in predicting(More)
Salt hydrates store solar energy in chemical form via a reversible dehydration-hydration reaction. However, as a side reaction to dehydration, hydrolysis (HCl formation) may occur in chloride based salt hydrates (specially in MgCl2 hydrates), affecting the durability of the storage system. The mixture of CaCl2 and MgCl2 hydrates has been shown(More)
Outline • Background • O bjectives and strategy • Integral thermodynamical analysis • FVM analysis: mathematical model • FVM analysis: status and outstanding tasks Background • Loop Heat Pipe: thermal control of Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer used for extra-terrestrial studies on anti-matter (see UNIBG-talk) • Bypass valve: prevent freezing of working fluid(More)
Steady flow measurements were carried out in a rigid three-dimensional model of the human carotid artery bifurcation at a Reynolds number of 640 and a flow division ratio of 50/50. Both axial and secondary velocities were measured with a laser-Doppler anemometer. In the bulb opposite to the flow divider a zone with negative axial velocities was found with a(More)
Magnesium chloride hydrates are characterized as promising energy storage materials in the built-environment. During the dehydration of these materials, there are chances for the release of harmful HCl gas, which can potentially damage the material as well as the equipment. Hydrolysis reactions in magnesium chloride hydrates are subject of study for(More)
Parameterization of a molecular dynamics force field is essential in realistically modeling the physicochemical processes involved in a molecular system. This step is often challenging when the equations involved in describing the force field are complicated as well as when the parameters are mostly empirical. ReaxFF is one such reactive force field which(More)