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The checkpoint kinase Chk1 is an important mediator of cell cycle arrest following DNA damage. The 1.7 A resolution crystal structures of the human Chk1 kinase domain and its binary complex with an ATP analog has revealed an identical open kinase conformation. The secondary structure and side chain interactions stabilize the activation loop of Chk1 and(More)
BACKGROUND Angiogenesis is involved in tumor growth, macular degeneration, retinopathy and other diseases. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) stimulates angiogenesis by binding to specific receptors (VEGFRs) on the surface of vascular endothelial cells. VEGFRs are receptor tyrosine kinases that, like the platelet-derived growth factor receptors(More)
The three-dimensional structure of phosphoribosylglycinamide formyltransferase (10-formyltetrahydrofolate:5'-phosphoribosylglycinamide formyltransferase, EC 2.1.2.2) has been solved both as an apoenzyme at 2.8-A resolution and as a ternary complex with the substrate glycinamide ribonucleotide and a folate inhibitor at 2.5-A resolution. The structure is a(More)
A plot of the pH dependence of kcat/KM for human stromelysin-1 (HS) exhibits a narrow range of maximal activity extending from pH 5.75 to 6.25 and a broad shoulder in the pH range of 7.5-8.5. In contrast, the pH profiles that have been reported for other members of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family are bell-shaped and exhibit neutral pH optima. We(More)
The single-chain 28 kDa human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) protease catalytic domain containing the A143Q mutation has been kinetically and conformationally characterized. The specific activity of the HCMV A143Q protease (HCMVp) increases as the protease concentration increases, suggesting that this protease oligomerizes at high protein concentration to form a(More)
We report here the production of active recombinant single-chain human cytomegalovirus protease in Escherichia coli and development of a continuous assay for this protease. In order to produce the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) protease for structural studies and accurate kinetic analysis, mutation of alanine 143 at an internal cleavage site was introduced to(More)
Human pro-matrix metalloproteinase 3 (proMMP-3) lacking the N-terminal 34 amino acids and the C-terminal hemopexin-like domain was expressed in E. coli and used to investigate the process of proenzyme activation and its interaction with an endogenous inhibitor TIMP-1 during activation. The truncated precursor was purified from the E. coli extract in the(More)
Six alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2M) cDNA clones were isolated from a human liver cDNA library by using synthetic oligonucleotides as hybridization probes. One of these, p alpha 2M1, carries a 4.6 kilobase-pair insert, which was sequenced. The insert contains the coding sequences for the mature alpha 2M polypeptide (1451 amino acids) and for a 23-amino acid(More)
We report here for the first time that the GART domain of the human trifunctional enzyme possessing GARS, AIRS, and GART activities can be expressed independently in Escherichia coli at high levels as a stable protein with enzymatic characteristics comparable to those of native trifunctional protein. Human trifunctional enzyme is involved in de novo purine(More)
The nucleotide sequence coding for the ninth component of human complement (C9) has been determined and the corresponding amino acid sequence has been derived. A human liver cDNA library was screened by the colony-hybridization technique using two radiolabeled oligonucleotide probes that correspond to known regions of the C9 amino acid sequence. Two(More)