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Sheath proteins designate low-molecular-weight non-amelogenin enamel polypeptides and their parent protein, which concentrate in the sheath space separating rod and inter-rod enamel (Uchida et al., 1995). Two porcine sheath proteins, with apparent molecular weights of 13 and 15 kDa, are characterized by protein sequencing. The primary structures of these(More)
Dental enamel forms by matrix-mediated biomineralization. The components of the developing enamel matrix are generally specific for that matrix. The primary structures of three enamel proteins-amelogenin, tuftelin, and sheathlin (ameloblastin/amelin)-have been derived from cDNA sequences. Here we report the cloning and characterization of mRNA encoding a(More)
The maturation of dental enamel succeeds the degradation of organic matrix. Inhibition studies have shown that this degradation is accomplished by a serine-type proteinase. To isolate and characterize cDNA clones encoding this proteinase, we used two degenerate primer approaches to amplify part of the coding region using polymerase chain-reaction (PCR).(More)
A mouse cDNA encoding a 180 amino acid amelogenin was subcloned into the pET expression plasmid (Novagen, Madison, WI) for production in Escherichia coli. A simple growth and purification protocol yields 20–50 mg of 95–99% pure recombinant amelogenin from a 4.5-liter culture. This is the first heterologous expression of an enamel protein. The expressed(More)
Enamelysin (MMP-20) is a tooth-specific matrix metalloproteinase that is initially expressed by ameloblasts and odontoblasts immediately prior to the onset of dentin mineralization, and continues to be expressed throughout the secretory stage of amelogenesis. During the secretory stage, enamel proteins are secreted and rapidly cleaved into a large number of(More)
In mammals, the organic matrix of developing enamel is dominated by amelogenins. To investigate the expression of proteins secreted into the developing enamel matrix, we have constructed a porcine enamel organ epithelia-specific cDNA library. The amelogenin fraction of the cDNA library was characterized by the cloning of amelogenin-specific polymerase(More)
The formation of dental enamel is dependent upon amelogenins, a family of proteins constituting most of the developing enamel matrix. Depending upon the species, these enamel proteins are expressed from either one or two copies of the amelogenin gene. Each gene directs the synthesis of a variety of amelogenin isoforms through alternative splicing of their(More)
Enamelin is the largest enamel protein. Recently we reported the characterization of a cDNA clone encoding porcine enamelin. The secreted protein has 1104 amino acids--over 6 times the length of amelogenin (173 amino acids) and almost 3 times the lengths of sheathlin (395 amino acids) and tuftelin (389 amino acids). Immunohistochemistry has shown that(More)
A heterogeneous mixture of amelogenins can be extracted from developing tooth enamel matrix. In an attempt to discover the extent to which alternative splicing of the amelogenin primary RNA transcript can generate unique isoforms, we have conducted a thorough search for cDNAs amplified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Over 2400(More)
Live attenuated vaccines have been used for control of the disease caused by goose parvovirus (GPV), but the mechanism involved in attenuation of GPV remains elusive. This report presents the complete nucleotide sequences of two live attenuated strains of GPV (82-0321V and VG32/1) that were independently developed in Taiwan and Europe, together with the(More)