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In 1979, a mass poisoning occurred in Taiwan from cooking oil contaminated by thermally degraded polychlorinated biphenyls. Because these chemicals persist in human tissue, children born to female patients after the outbreak were exposed in utero. In 1985, 117 children born to affected women and 108 unexposed controls were examined and evaluated. The(More)
During 1978 and 1979, an episode of poisoning from ingestion of rice oil contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls and polychlorinated dibenzofurans occurred in central Taiwan. We followed-up children who had been born between June 1978 and March 1985, as well as matched unexposed children. The mothers of exposed children had consumed contaminated oils(More)
The relationships between sperm reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, the capacitation process and acrosome reaction, and the spermoocyte penetration rate (SOPR) were investigated to understand the effect of lead toxicity on sperm functions and the mechanisms of these effects. Male Sprague-Dawley rats received weekly intraperitoneal injections of 20 mg(More)
Fifty-five Yu-Cheng (oil-disease) children born between 1978 and 1985 to mothers who ate PCB-contaminated rice oil in 1978-1979 were studied and compared to age- and sex-matched control subjects in 1991. The children's growth profiles, bone mineral density and soft tissue composition, joint laxity, and serum parathyroid hormone, vitamin D, calcium, alkaline(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morphologic changes in the ulnar nerve in cubital tunnel syndrome with high-resolution ultrasonography. The mean values of the short axis (cm) x long axis (cm) at the arm, epicondyle, and forearm levels were 0.057 +/- 0.01, 0.068 +/- 0.019, and 0.062 +/- 0.01 in control group; 0.069 +/- 0.04, 0.139 +/- 0.06, and(More)
UNLABELLED This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study evaluated the minimum effective dose of dexamethasone for postoperative antiemesis. One-hundred fifty women scheduled for major gynecological surgery were randomly assigned to receive dexamethasone 10 mg (D10), 5 mg (D5), 2.5 mg (D2.5), 1.25 mg (D1.25), or placebo (P) before the induction of(More)
The relationships between blood lead, sperm lead, sperm reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, and sperm fertile capability were investigated to understand the effects of lead exposure on sperm function and the mechanism of these effects. Male Sprague-Dawley rats, 7 weeks old, were randomly divided into control group and lead-treated group. The controls and(More)
Glutamate-induced excitotoxicity has been implicated as an important mechanism underlying a variety of brain injuries and neurodegenerative diseases. Previously we have shown that taurine has protective effects against glutamate-induced neuronal injury in cultured neurons. Here we propose that the primary underlying mechanism of the neuroprotective function(More)
Recently we have reported that the membrane-associated form of the gamma-aminobutyric acid-synthesizing enzyme, l-glutamate decarboxylase (MGAD), is regulated by the vesicular proton gradient (Hsu, C. C., Thomas, C., Chen, W., Davis, K. M., Foos, T., Chen, J. L., Wu, E., Floor, E., Schloss, J. V., and Wu, J. Y. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 24366-24371). In(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate whether treatment with vitamin E (VE) and/or vitamin C (VC) protects rat sperm by inhibiting reactive oxygen species generation induced by lead (Pb) exposure. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to the following five groups: vitamin-unsupplemented; 150 mg VE/kg chow supplemented; 300 mg VE/kg chow supplemented;(More)