A systematic investigation of the influence of the process parameters temperature, pressure, total gas flow, and SiH 2 Cl 2 :NH 3 gas flow ratio on the residual stress, the refractive index, and its nonuniformity across a wafer, the growth rate, the film thickness nonuniformity across a wafer, and the Si/N incorporation ratio of low pressure chemical vapor… (More)
Photon upconversion of near-infrared photons is a promising way to overcome the Shockley–Queisser efficiency limit of 32% of a single-junction solar cell. However, the practical applicability of the most efficient known upconversion materials at moderate light intensities is limited by their extremely weak and narrowband near-infrared absorption. Here, we… (More)
Under approximate free field conditions acoustic localization could be demonstrated in an ostariophysian fish, the ide (Leuciscus idus). The efficient vibration links of both succuli with the unpaired swimbladder (via the Weberian ossicles) do apparently not prclude directional hearing in this important group of freshwater fish.