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Low-grade astrocytomas, anaplastic astrocytomas and glioblastomas in vitro were found to ubiquitously produce the mRNA of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF beta). TGF beta 1 and TGF beta 2 mRNA were expressed to a lesser degree among the hyperdiploid malignant gliomas. By radioreceptor assay of conditioned medium, TGF beta was secreted predominantly in(More)
Regulation of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1), TGF beta 2, and TGF beta 3 mRNAs in murine fibroblasts and keratinocytes by TGF beta 1 and TGF beta 2 was studied. In quiescent AKR-2B fibroblasts, in which TGF beta induces delayed stimulation of DNA synthesis, TGF beta 1 autoregulation of TGF beta 1 expression was observed as early as 1 h, with(More)
The control of cell proliferation involves the complex interaction between growth factors and growth inhibitors. We have examined this interaction with the mitogen epidermal growth factor (EGF) and a recently purified 18 kD, pI 3, sialoglycopeptide that reversibly inhibits cellular metabolism of a variety of cells. The sialoglycopeptide was a very potent(More)
The effects of exogenously added transforming growth factor (TGF alpha and TGF beta on the growth of BALB/MK cells were examined. TGF alpha supplanted the epidermal growth factor (EGF) requirement in these cells. In contrast, TGF beta reversibly inhibited the growth of BALB/MK cells by abrogating the stimulatory actions of EGF or TGF alpha. The inhibitory(More)
Transforming growth factor beta is a polypeptide growth factor with a multiplicity of diverse biologic effects. Increasingly, data support a role for TGF beta in the autocrine regulation of normal epithelial cell growth (Figure 1). Definition of the normal pathways for growth stimulation and inhibition of epithelial cell growth by autocrine peptides like(More)
Mouse embryo-derived AKR-2B fibroblasts and murine fibrosarcoma cells (the 1591 cell line) were transfected with a murine transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF beta 1) cDNA under the transcriptional control of either the simian virus-40 early promoter or the cytomegalovirus promoter/enhancer. Selected clones secreted 2- to 4-fold more TGF beta-competing(More)
The effects of cholera toxin (CT) on transforming growth factor beta 1-stimulated protooncogene expression, [gamma-35S]GTP binding, GTPase activity and growth under anchorage-independent and -dependent conditions were studied in AKR-2B fibroblast cells. CT was shown to inhibit TGF beta 1-stimulated c-sis and c-myc mRNA expression. Actinomycin D decay and(More)
A sialoglycopeptide from bovine cerebral cortex cells was purified to apparent homogeneity by a procedure that included chloroform/methanol extraction, diethylaminoethyl ion exchange chromatography, wheat germ agglutinin affinity chromatography, size-exclusion HPLC, and hydrophobic interaction chromatography. The cell surface inhibitor had a molecular(More)
We have isolated from bovine cerebral cortex cells and purified to homogeneity an 18,000 dalton, pl 3.0 sialoglycopeptide that inhibits protein synthesis and DNA synthesis of nontransformed but not transformed cells without affecting uptake of radiolabeled precursors. In this paper, we examine the relationship between the binding of the sialoglycopeptide(More)