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The major transporter of vitamin D metabolites in the circulation is the multifunctional plasma protein Gc, also known as group-specific component, Gc globulin, vitamin D-binding protein, or DBP. There are several phenotypes of Gc, and we examined the influence of Gc phenotype and Gc concentration on vitamin D status. By using isoelectric focusing we(More)
We conducted this study to assess the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in a population of normal perimenopausal women, to examine the influence of sun exposure and vitamin D intake on the concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and to examine the association between parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 25OHD. A total of 2016 healthy women aged 45-58, who(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the vitamin D status (serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D; S-25OHD) in adolescent girls and elderly community-dwelling women living in four countries of northern Europe and to explain differences in S-25OHD concentrations between and within the countries. DESIGN A cross-sectional observational study conducted in a standardised way during(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the influence of smoking on serum parathyroid hormone (PTH), serum vitamin D metabolites, serum ionized calcium, serum phosphate, and biochemical markers of bone turnover in a cohort of 510 healthy Danish perimenopausal women. DESIGN A cross-sectional study. SETTING Copenhagen, Denmark. SUBJECTS Five-hundred-and-ten healthy women(More)
In recent studies from Sweden and the United States, a high vitamin A intake has been associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) and increased fracture risk. In Sweden and the United States, food items such as milk and breakfast cereals are fortified with vitamin A, whereas in Denmark there is no mandatory fortification with vitamin A. In the present(More)
The significance of an interrelation between nongenetic factors and genotype effects in the regulation of bone mass is not clear. In this prospective study of 429 healthy early postmenopausal Danish women, we investigated the association between bone mineral density (BMD) and the FokI and BsmI polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene. Participants(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the fracture reducing potential of hormonal replacement therapy (HRT) in recent postmenopausal women in a primary preventive scenario. METHODS Prospective controlled comprehensive cohort trial: 2016 healthy women aged 45-58 years, from three to 24 months past last menstrual bleeding were recruited from a random sample of the background(More)
It is unclear whether patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and hip OA differ regarding soft tissue composition and bone mineral density (BMD). A total of 42 women waiting for a replacement of the hip (n = 20) or the knee (n = 22) due to OA were examined. Fat mass (FM), percent body fat (%fat), lean mass (LM) and BMD were measured by dual energy X-ray(More)
Effective bone remodeling requires the coordination of bone matrix deposition by osteoblastic cells, which may occur via soluble mediators or via direct intercellular communication. We have previously identified two mechanisms by which rat osteoblastic cell lines coordinate calcium signaling among cells: autocrine activation of P2 (purinergic) receptors(More)
OBJECTIVE Measurement of plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) level is often used to evaluate a patient's vitamin D status. The purpose of this study was to investigate the variability in individual plasma 25OHD- and vitamin D-binding protein- (Gc) levels over a 5-year period in postmenopausal women with and without hormone replacement therapy (HRT). (More)