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A novel G protein-coupled receptor was cloned by PCR and homology screening. Its deduced amino acid sequence is 47% identical overall to the mu, delta and kappa opioid receptors and 64% identical in the putative transmembrane domains. When transiently expressed in COS-7 cells this receptor did not bind any of the typical mu, delta or kappa opioid receptor(More)
Acidification of the incubation medium markedly increased lipid peroxidation of cortical brain slices. Lactic acidosis caused a more extensive lipid peroxidation than did phosphoric acidosis (+35% at pH 6 and +81% at pH 5), probably due to the rapid diffusion of the protonated form of lactic acid across cell membranes. These results support the hypothesis(More)
OBJECT Gliomas (astrocytic and oligodendroglial) are the most frequently occurring primary neoplasms in the central nervous system (CNS). Histological classification, which can be performed to distinguish astrocytomas from oligodendrogliomas, is essentially based on pathological features and has great prognostic and therapeutic value but lacks(More)
Abstract To better understand the mechanisms of the inhibitory effects of dopamine on pituitary prolactin release, we have utilized an estrone-induced, benign and dopamine-sensitive rat pituitary adenoma and two malignant, transplantable and dopamine-resistant rat pituitary tumors, 7315a and MITW15. Enzymatically dispersed and Percoll purified cells(More)
Meningeal solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) and hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) are distinct entities in the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of central nervous system (CNS) tumors while they belong to the same spectrum of tumors in other locations. Well-defined histological prognostic factors are also lacking for these tumors. In order to clarify the(More)
BACKGROUND Pilocytic astrocytomas (PAs) are characterized by an excellent prognosis although several factors of adverse outcome have been reported. The mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway plays a major role in their tumorigenesis. AIM To report a series of 148 PAs in children to define clinicopathological and biological prognostic factors. METHODS(More)
In contrast to pilocytic astrocytomas (WHO grade I gliomas) that are circumscribed and cured by surgical resection, invasion is a hallmark of grades II-IV gliomas. Proteases play a major role in the invasion process and correlations between glioma grading, survival and protease expression have been demonstrated. In this study, we have chosen to study using(More)
D1 and D5 dopamine receptor genes, stably expressed in GH4C1 rat somatomammotrophic cells, display identical binding values and stimulate adenylate cyclase. Approximately 60% of D1 receptors were in the agonist high-affinity state and were converted to the low-affinity state by 100 microM guanyl-5'-ylimidodiphosphate [Gpp(NH)p]. Of the 48% of D5 receptors(More)
We have cloned and expressed a rat brain cDNA, TS11, that encodes a mu-opioid receptor based on pharmacological, physiological, and anatomical criteria. Membranes were prepared from COS-7 cells transiently expressing TS11 bound [3H]diprenorphine with high affinity (KD = 0.23 +/- 0.04 nM). The rank order potency of drugs competing with [3H]diprenorphine was(More)
Adult gliomas are most often infiltrative. The World Health Organization (WHO) has classed them into three major groups according to the presomptive cell of origin: astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma and mixed oligoastrocytoma. Depending on the presence or absence of a small number of signs of anaplasia (mitosis, nuclear atypia, cell density, microvascular(More)