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Modafinil was compared to the indirect dopaminergic drugs, dexamphetamine and methylphenidate, using in vivo differential normal pulse voltammetry with carbon fibre electrodes located in the caudate nucleus to study extracellular catechol level in anaesthetized mice. Modafinil (16-256 mg kg-1) failed to modify the catechol oxidation peak height (peak 2).(More)
INTRODUCTION The relationship between isolated traumatic brain injury (TBI) associated coagulopathy and patient prognosis frequently lacks information regarding the time course of coagulation disorders throughout the post-traumatic period. This study was conducted to assess the prevalence and time course of post-traumatic coagulopathy in patients with(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Changes in cardiac substrate utilisation leading to altered energy metabolism may underlie the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy. We studied cardiomyocyte substrate uptake and utilisation and the role of the fatty acid translocase CD36 in relation to in vivo cardiac function in rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD). METHODS Rats were exposed(More)
We studied the amplitude and response time (RT; time to 50% of maximal response) of pulmonary vasoreactivity and investigated whether the characteristics of pulmonary vasoreactivity could be modulated by endothelium removal, nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibition [N(G)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA)], RhoA activation [lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)] and Rho kinase(More)
OBJECTIVE Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the progression of ventricular hypertrophy to congestive heart failure. However, the source of increased oxidative stress in cardiomyocytes remains unclear. METHODS Here we examined NADPH oxidase and mitochondria as sources of ventricular ROS production in a rat model of right-ventricular(More)
BACKGROUND RhoA and Rho kinase are important modulators of microvascular tone. METHODS AND RESULTS We tested whether sphingosine kinase (Sphk1) that generates the endogenous sphingolipid mediator sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is part of a signaling cascade to activate the RhoA/Rho kinase pathway. Using a new transfection model, we report that resting tone(More)
BACKGROUND We previously demonstrated the involvement of the Ca2+-independent protein kinase C-delta (PKC-delta) isoform in sevoflurane-induced cardioprotection against ischaemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. Since sevoflurane is known to modulate myocardial Ca2+-handling directly, in this study we investigated the role of the Ca2+-dependent PKC-alpha(More)
BACKGROUND In vitro data suggest that changes in myocardial substrate metabolism may contribute to impaired myocardial function in diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). The purpose of the present study was to study in a rat model of early DCM, in vivo changes in myocardial substrate metabolism and their association with myocardial function. METHODS Zucker(More)
Ultrasound contrast agents are gas-filled microbubbles that enhance visualization of cardiac structures, function and blood flow during contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). An interesting cardiovascular application of CEUS is myocardial contrast echocardiography, which allows real-time myocardial perfusion imaging. The intraoperative use of this technically(More)
By convention, autonomic function tests are undertaken under standard test conditions that limit their implementation during routine pre-operative assessment. We therefore evaluated the comparability of autonomic function tests under both non-standardised and standardised test conditions in 20 healthy male subjects. Autonomic function was assessed using an(More)